Linux Caixa Mágica

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Linux Caixa Mágica 15 (KDE)
DeveloperCaixa Mágica Software
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateDiscontinued
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseApril 19, 2002 (2002-04-19)
Latest release23 / April 10, 2015 (2015-04-10)
Available inPortuguese
Package managerdpkg
Platformsx86-64 and x86
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
user interface
  • Until version 15: KDE
  • Since version 16: GNOME
LicenseMainly GPL, other free software licences

Linux Caixa Mágica (transl. "Linux Magic Box"), sometimes abbreviated as Linux CM or LCM, is a discontinued Portuguese Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It was maintained by the company Caixa Mágica Software and its target market were companies, individuals, schools and public administration in Portugal. It is a free operating system suitable for desktop and server machines.

This Linux distribution was included in the Magalhães laptop, a Classmate PC-based computer that was distributed to primary school students as part of a state-sponsored school modernization program in the late 2000s in Portugal.


The Linux Caixa Mágica project was started in 2000 by José Guimarães, Daniel Neves and Paulo Trezentos, researchers of the ADETTI research lab in the ISCTE-IUL institute in Lisbon. They released the first beta version, code-named Copperfield, in the summer of 2001. The first stable release was version 8.0, released in April 2002.

In 2004, as the popularity of the distribution grew and demands increased, the team decided to create a spin-off company, named Caixa Mágica Software.

In 2008, Linux Caixa Mágica was selected as one of the two bootable operating systems that came installed in the first generation of the Magalhães laptops, the other being Windows XP (replaced by Windows 7 in the second generation of the laptop). This line of laptops assembled in Portugal was targeted at primary schools students. It was for sale in stores for an affordable price, but was freely distributed to students under social assistance.

The open-source game SuperTux, included in Linux Caixa Mágica, was particularly popular among school children.


Linux Caixa Mágica has been based on three other Linux distributions. It was initially based on SUSE Linux, until version 11. From version 12 to 15, it was based on Mandriva Linux, after which it became based on Ubuntu.

The latest version comes bundled with open-source programs such as the LibreOffice suite, GIMP, Chromium and Firefox.


The first beta version of Linux Caixa Mágica was released in the summer of 2001.

The latest version is 23, released in April 2015.

Stable releases of Linux Caixa Mágica
Version Base distribution Default desktop environment Release Date
8.0 SUSE Linux KDE 19 April 2002
8.1 16 March 2004
10 13 April 2005
11 28 November 2006
12 Mandriva Linux 20 February 2008
14 2 June 2009
15 1 August 2010
16 Ubuntu GNOME 2 June 2011
17 7 December 2011
18 25 May 2012
19 27 February 2013
20 18 June 2013
21 27 February 2014
22 4 August 2014
23 10 April 2015

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f " Linux Caixa Mágica". Retrieved 2023-04-16.
  2. ^ Correia, Tânia; Pedrosa, Isabel; Costa, Carlos (Jan 2021). "Open Source Software in Financial Auditing". Research Anthology on Usage and Development of Open Source Software. pp. 504–518. doi:10.4018/978-1-7998-9158-1.ch028. ISBN 9781799891581.
  3. ^ a b c SAPO (December 4, 2009). "Caixa Mágica experimenta Linux no novo Magalhães". SAPO Tek (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2023-04-16.
  4. ^ "Linux Caixa Mágica 23 – O melhor GNU/Linux português". Pplware (in European Portuguese). 2015-04-09. Retrieved 2023-05-03.
  5. ^ a b Caetano, Miguel (November 19, 2001). "Caixa Mágica promete distribuição nacional de Linux". Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2023-04-16.
  6. ^ Matos, Alfredo; Thomson, John; Trezentos, Paulo (2011). "Preparing FLOSS for Future Network Paradigms: A Survey on Linux Network Management". Open Source Systems: Grounding Research. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Vol. 365. Salvador, Brazil (published Oct 2011). pp. 75–89. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24418-6_6. ISBN 978-3-642-24417-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

External links