ROSA Linux

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ROSA Linux
Rosa Fresh 12 (KDE Plasma 5)
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release1 December 2010 (2010-12-01)
Latest release12.5 Edit this on Wikidata / 2 April 2024 (2 April 2024)
Available in
Package managerRPM & DNF
PlatformsP5 (i586), AMD64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
UserlandGNU Core Utilities
user interface
KDE Plasma 5, GNOME, LXQt, Xfce
LicenseMainly GPL and other free software licenses, minor additions of proprietary

ROSA Linux is a Linux operating system distribution, developed by the Russian company 'LLC NTC IT ROSA'. It is available in three different editions: ROSA Desktop Fresh, ROSA Enterprise Desktop, and ROSA Enterprise Linux Server, with the latter two aiming at commercial users. Its desktop computer editions come bundled with closed-source software such as Adobe Flash Player, multimedia codecs, and Steam.

ROSA Desktop Fresh 12.4, the latest desktop release as of 28 March 2023, is available with four different desktop environments: KDE Plasma 5, GNOME, LXQt and Xfce. It also contains open source software developed in-house by ROSA, such as ROSA Image Writer or ROSA Media Player. ROSA Linux has been certified by the Ministry of Defence of Russia.

ROSA originated as a fork of now defunct French distribution Mandriva Linux and has since then been developed independently. The ROSA company was founded in early 2010 and released the first version of its operating system in December 2010. It initially targeted enterprise users only, but in late 2012, ROSA started its end-user oriented distribution, Desktop Fresh. Before its bankruptcy, Mandriva developed its last releases jointly with ROSA. Mandriva 2011 was also based on ROSA. Also MagOS Linux, is based on ROSA.

Although its main popularity is in the Russian language market, ROSA Desktop also received favorable reviews by several non-Russian online publications. German technology website praised ROSA for its stability and hardware support, while called ROSA "a real Powerhouse".

Version history

Version Desktop environment Release date Linux kernel
2011 "Hydrogen" KDE 29 August 2011
2012 LTS "Marathon" 13 May 2012
Desktop.Fresh 2012 19 December 2012
Desktop Fresh R1 17 July 2013
Desktop Fresh R2 4 December 2013
Desktop Fresh R3 KDE, GNOME 29 April 2014 3.10.34
Desktop Fresh R4 KDE, LXDE 8 October 2014 3.14.15
Desktop Fresh R5 KDE, LXDE, GNOME 25 December 2014 3.14.25
Desktop Fresh R6 KDE 15 July 2015 3.14.44
Desktop Fresh R7 KDE 4, KDE 5, LXQt 5 January 2016 4.1.15
Desktop Fresh R8 KDE 4, KDE 5, GNOME 3, MATE 2 August 2016 4.1.25
Desktop Fresh R8.1 KDE 4 22 February 2017 4.9 LTS
Desktop Fresh R9 KDE 4, KDE 5, GNOME 3, LXQt 1st half of 2017 4.9.20 LTS
Desktop Fresh R10 KDE Plasma 5, KDE Plasma 4, LXQt 4 December 2017 4.9
Desktop Fresh R11 KDE Plasma 5, KDE Plasma 4, Xfce, LXQt 15 March 2019 4.15
Desktop Fresh R11.1 KDE Plasma 5, KDE Plasma 4, Xfce, LXQt 23 April 2020 5.4.32
Fresh 12 KDE Plasma 5 12 October 2021 5.10.71
Fresh 12.1 KDE Plasma 5, GNOME 41 12 November 2021 5.10.74
Fresh 12.2 KDE Plasma 5, GNOME 41, LXQt 14 February 2022
Fresh 12.3 KDE Plasma 5, GNOME 42, LXQt, Xfce 31 October 2022 5.15.75

Reception reviewed ROSA Desktop Fresh R2 with GNOME. He wrote:

ROSA Desktop Fresh is supposed to be the line that ships with the latest and greatest (read: bleeding edge software versions), but ROSA Desktop Fresh R2 GNOME did not live up to that billing. Instead of GNOME 3.10, the latest stable version of the GNOME 3 desktop, you get GNOME 3.8.4. also reviewed same version with KDE, and have the review about earlier version — Fresh and Marathon 2012.

In October 2012, Dedoimedo wrote review about ROSA Marathon 2012:

ROSA is a fairly elegant distribution, with a simple, clean layout, a handful of posh icons, windows-like decorations, and a classy menu. All in all, you would be tempted to guess what desktop environment you're working in, as the customized KDE leans toward more Gnome-like features.

Dedoimedo also wrote review about ROSA Desktop Fresh R7.

Jesse Smith reviewed ROSA Desktop Fresh 2012 R1 for DistroWatch Weekly:

Booting from the disc brings up a menu asking if we would like to launch the ROSA live environment or run the distribution's system installer. There is a third option which is to boot from the local hard drive and I was surprised to find booting from the local drive is the default option. This makes a good deal of sense as it means if we install the distribution and forget to eject the disc (or USB thumb drive) that we will still boot into the local installation of ROSA. Opting to run the live desktop brings us to a series of screens asking us to read the distribution's license agreement, set our time zone, and confirm our keyboard's layout. From there we are brought to the KDE desktop. The theme is bright and the background is a nice, light blue. At the bottom of the display, we find the application menu, some quick-launch icons, and the task switcher. One of the first things I did was seek out the system installer and attempt to launch it. When I clicked on the system installer icon a pop-up appeared which simply said: "password invalid" and the installer closed. Given this reception, I decided to reboot the machine and try running the system installer from the live disc's boot menu.

Smith also reviewed Fresh R9 version.


  1. ^ "РОСА анонсирует новую версию бесплатной ОС для домашнего использования РОСА Фреш 12.5" (in Russian). 2 April 2024. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  2. ^ "Releases". 23 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Our products". 19 February 2016. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  4. ^ open, heise (2 July 2012). "OpenMDV: Das Community-Mandriva nimmt Gestalt an".
  5. ^ "Linux-Distributionen im Test: Rosa Desktop Fresh kooperiert mit aktueller Hardware -".
  6. ^ "Rosa Is a Real Powerhouse - Reviews". LinuxInsider. 9 February 2016.
  7. ^ OpenNews: Релиз Mandriva Linux 2011 и ROSA Desktop 2011 (in Russian)
  8. ^ Release notes ROSA Marathon 2012 - Rosalab Wiki
  9. ^ OpenNews: Увидел свет Linux-дистрибутив ROSA Desktop 2012 (in Russian)
  10. ^ Distribution Release: ROSA 2012 ( News)
  11. ^ Release notes ROSA Desktop.Fresh R1 - Rosalab Wiki
  12. ^ OpenNews: Представлен Linux-дистрибутив ROSA Desktop Fresh R1 (in Russian)
  13. ^ Distribution Release: ROSA 2012 R1 "Desktop Fresh" ( News)
  14. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R2 - Rosalab Wiki
  15. ^ Distribution Release: ROSA 2012 R2 "Desktop Fresh" ( News)
  16. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R3 «KDE» — Блог:Точка Росы — Rosalab Wiki (in Russian)
  17. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R3 «GNOME» — Блог:Точка Росы — Rosalab Wiki (in Russian)
  18. ^ ROSA Fresh Desktop R4 – Блог:Точка Росы – Rosalab Wiki (in Russian)
  19. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R5 - Rosalab Wiki
  20. ^ Distribution Release: ROSA R5 "Desktop Fresh" ( News)
  21. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R5 – Linux-дистрибутив с KDE 4.14 – Новости ( (in Russian)
  22. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R6 - Rosalab Wiki
  23. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R7 - Rosalab Wiki
  24. ^ ROSA Fresh R7: свидетельство непростой ситуации в проекте (in Russian)
  25. ^ Distribution Release: ROSA R7 "Desktop Fresh" ( News)
  26. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R8 - Rosalab Wiki
  27. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R8.1 - Rosalab Wiki
  28. ^ OpenNews: Обновление Linux-дистрибутива ROSA Desktop Fresh R8.1 (in Russian)
  29. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R9 - Rosalab Wiki
  30. ^ OpenNews: Доступен Linux-дистрибутив ROSA Desktop Fresh R9 (in Russian)
  31. ^ "ROSA Fresh R10 is out!". 25 December 2017.
  32. ^ "ROSA Desktop Fresh R11". 15 March 2019. Archived from the original on 18 August 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  33. ^ "ROSA release".
  34. ^ "Итак, прочихались даже самые дальние яндексовские зеркала и теперь везде-везде выложен первый на новой платформе 2021.1, а всего двенадцатый релиз ROSA Linux" (in Russian). 12 October 2021.
  35. ^ "Появилась такая традиция - 12-го числа каждого месяца выпускать соответствующий релиз ROSA Fresh" (in Russian). 12 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Ну что ж, гном сопротивлялся, но мы его все равно выпустили!" (in Russian). 22 November 2021.
  37. ^ "Вышла ROSA Fresh 12.2!" (in Russian). 14 February 2022.
  38. ^ "Для тех, кто торопится увидеть релиз 12.3: первый образ пошел" (in Russian). 31 October 2022.
  39. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R2 GNOME review |
  40. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh R2 KDE review |
  41. ^ ROSA Desktop Fresh 2012 review |
  42. ^ ROSA Marathon 2012 review |
  43. ^ ROSA Marathon 2012 review - Ahem, Dedoimedo
  44. ^ ROSA R7 Desktop Fresh review - Thorny fun, Dedoimedo
  45. ^ First look at ROSA 2012 R1 "Desktop Fresh", DistroWatch Weekly
  46. ^ ROSA Fresh R9, DistroWatch Weekly

External links