Comparison of Linux distributions

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Technical variations of Linux distributions include support for different hardware devices and systems or software package configurations. Organizational differences may be motivated by historical reasons. Other criteria include security, including how quickly security upgrades are available; ease of package management; and number of packages available.

These tables compare notable distribution's latest stable release on wide-ranging objective criteria. It does not cover each operating system's subjective merits, branches marked as unstable or beta, nor compare Linux distributions with other operating systems.

General

The table below shows general information about the distributions: founder or producer, maintainer, release date, the latest version, etc.

Linux distributions endorsed by the Free Software Foundation are marked 100% Free under the System distribution commitment column.

Distribution Founder Maintainer Initial release year Current stable version Security updates (years) Release date System distribution commitment Forked from Target audience Cost Status
AlmaLinux AlmaLinux Foundation AlmaLinux Foundation 2021 9.4 Edit this on Wikidata 10 years 2024-05-06 X Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server, workstation None Active
Alpine Linux Alpine Linux Team Alpine Linux Team 2006 3.20.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-06-18 X LEAF Project security, lightweight, general None Active
ALT Linux ALT Linux Team ALT Linux Team, ALT Linux LLC 2001 10.3 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-05-13 X Mandrake Linux general, school None Active
antiX Anticapitalista Anticapitalista 2007 23.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-02-22 X Debian, MEPIS old computers None Active
ArchBang Willensky Aristide Stan McLaren 2011 Rolling Rolling Rolling X Arch Linux (UKM Edition) general None Active
Arch Linux Judd Vinet dev team 2002 Rolling Rolling Rolling X Independent, inspired from CRUX general None Active
BLAG Brixton Linux Action Group Brixton Linux Action Group 2002 140000 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2011-05-04 100% Free: GNU FSDG Fedora desktop None Inactive
Bodhi Linux Bodhi Linux Team Bodhi Linux Team 2011 7.0.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-08-21 X Debian, Ubuntu desktop, lightweight None Active
Canaima CANTV / CNTI / CENTIDEL / Edelca / VIT / FUNDACITE / Free software community CANTV / CNTI / CENTIDEL / Edelca / VIT / FUNDACITE / Free software community 2007 7.2 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-08-02 X Debian, Ubuntu Government of Venezuela None Active
CentOS CentOS Project CentOS Project 2003 9 Edit this on Wikidata 10 years 2021-12-03 X Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server, workstation None Inactive
CentOS Stream CentOS Project CentOS Project 2019 9 5 years 2021-12-03 X Upstream of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server, workstation None Active
Chakra Jan Mette and Arch Linux KDEmod developers The Chakra Project Team 2010 Rolling Rolling 2017.10 X Arch Linux desktop None Inactive
ChromeOS Sundar Pichai Google 2011 125.0.6422.140 Edit this on Wikidata Rolling 2024-05-30 X Gentoo Linux web applications None Active
Clear Linux OS Arjan van de Ven Intel 2015 Rolling Rolling Rolling X Independent container, server, desktop None Active
ClearOS Peter Baldwin ClearFoundation 2000 7.8 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2020-06-23 X RHEL, CentOS server, gateway, network Some editions are free of charge Active
CrunchBang Linux Philip Newborough Philip Newborough 2008 ? X Debian desktop None Inactive
Damn Small Linux John Andrews dev team 2003 4.4.10 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2008-11-18 X Debian, Knoppix lightweight, portable None Inactive
Debian Ian Murdock Debian Project 1993 12.6 Edit this on Wikidata ~5 years, 10 years Freexian ELTS(paid) 2024-06-29 Debian Social Contract and DFSG (main was 100% free, till 2022, non-free packages were optional) Independent, inspired by Softlanding Linux System (SLS) general, server, desktop None Active
Debian Edu Debian Project 2004 12.6 Edit this on Wikidata ~3 years 2024-06-29 Debian Social Contract and DFSG Debian schools None Active
Devuan The "Veteran Unix Admins" (VUA) The "Veteran Unix Admins" (VUA) 2016 5.0.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-08-15 X Debian general None Active
Deepin Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd. Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd. 2004 20.9 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-04-17 X Debian general None Active
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre Matias A. Fonzo Matias A. Fonzo 2009 3.0-beta2 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-04-26 100% Free: GNU FSDG Independent, inspired from Slackware general None Active
dyne:bolic Jaromil Jaromilx 2005 3.0.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2011-09-08 100% Free: GNU FSDG Debian multimedia None Inactive
Elementary OS Danielle Foré elementary LLC 2011 7.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-10-03 X Ubuntu, Debian general None Active
ELinOS SYSGO SYSGO 1999 7.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-04 X Independent embedded systems Partial Active
Emdebian Grip Embedded Debian Project Embedded Debian Project 2009 3.1 Edit this on Wikidata End-of-life 2023-06-15 X Debian embedded systems None Inactive
EndeavourOS Bryan Poerwoatmodjo EndeavourOS 2019 Rolling ? 2022-09-14 X Arch Linux general None Active
Fedora Linux Fedora Project Fedora Project 2003 40 Edit this on Wikidata 1 year and month 2024-04-23 Fedora Licensing Guidelines Red Hat Linux general None Active
Freespire Lindows.com, Inc. PC/OpenSystems LLC 2001 10 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-12-07 X ? desktop None Active
Gentoo Linux Daniel Robbins Gentoo Foundation, Inc. 2002 Rolling Rolling Rolling Gentoo Social Contract Enoch Linux general None Active
Guix System Ludovic Courtès Ludovic Courtès, Ricardo Wurmus, the Guix community 2012 1.4.0 Edit this on Wikidata Rolling 2022-12-19 100% Free: GNU FSDG Independent, inspired by NixOS general None Active
gNewSense Brian Brazil and Paul O'Malley Sam Geeraerts with sponsorship from the Free Software Foundation 2006 4.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2016-05-02 100% Free: GNU FSDG Debian general, server None Inactive
Grml Michael Prokop The Grml Team 2005 2022.11 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-11-30 X Debian live, maintenance, security, network, forensic, accessibility None Active
Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre Hyperbola Founders Hyperbola Founders 2017 0.4.4 Edit this on Wikidata 3 years (stable), 5 years (old stable) 2024-01-05 100% Free: GNU FSDG followed in Hyperbola Social Contract Arch Linux general None Active
Kali Linux Max Moser, Mati Aharoni, Martin J. Muench Offensive Security 2013 2024.2 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-06-05 X Debian auditing, forensic, security, network None Active
Knoppix Klaus Knopper dev team 2000 9.3 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-05-05 X Debian live None Active
Korora Chris Smart Dev Team 2005 26 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2017-09-16 X Fedora desktop None Inactive
LibreCMC LibreCMC team LibreCMC team 2010 1.5.14 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-10-03 100% Free: GNU FSDG Merged from LibreWRT embedded systems None Active
Linspire Linspire, Inc. Linspire, Inc. 2001 12 SP1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-05-29 X ? ? Commercial Active
Linux Mint Clement Lefebvre dev team 2006 21.3 Edit this on Wikidata ~3 years (LMDE); 5 years (main editions)
2024-01-12
X Debian(LMDE), Ubuntu (main editions) desktop None Active
Linux Lite Jerry Bezencon Linux Lite Team 2012 7.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-06-01 X Ubuntu desktop None Active
Mageia Mageia Community mageia.org 2010 9 Edit this on Wikidata 1 year 2023-09-04 X Mandriva Linux general None Active
Mandriva Linux Mandrakesoft S.A. Mandriva S.A. 1998 2011.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2011-08-28 X Red Hat Linux general Some editions are free of charge Inactive
Manjaro Linux Roland Singer dev team 2012 Rolling Rolling Rolling X Arch Linux general None Active
MEPIS Warren Woodford MEPIS LLC 2003 11.9.92 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2013-08-10 X Debian desktop, server None Inactive
MIRACLE LINUX Cybertrust Japan Cybertrust Japan 2000 9 Edit this on Wikidata 10 years 2022-11-01 X Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server None Active
Musix GNU+Linux Musix team Musix team 2008 3.0.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2014-03-13 100% Free: GNU FSDG Debian multimedia None Inactive
Netrunner Blue Systems dev team 2009 23 Edit this on Wikidata as per Debian 2023-01-21 X Debian desktop None Active
NixOS Eelco Dolstra and Armijn Hemel NixOS Foundation 2003 0.5 years X general, server, desktop None Active
Novell Open Enterprise Server Novell Novell, Inc. dev team 2003 2023 ? 2022-10 X SUSE Linux Enterprise Server server Commercial Active
OpenELEC Stephan Raue, OpenELEC Team OpenELEC Team 2011 8.0.4 ? 2017-06-04 X Kodi multimedia None Inactive
openSUSE SUSE Linux openSUSE Project 2006 15.6 Edit this on Wikidata 1.5 years 2024-06-12 X Slackware, Jurix general, desktop None Active
OpenWrt ? OpenWrt team 2007 23.05.3 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-03-25 X Independent embedded systems None Active
OpenMandriva Lx OpenMandriva Association OpenMandriva Association 2013 5.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-11-25 X Mandriva Linux general None Active
Oracle Linux Oracle Corporation Oracle Corporation 2006 9.4 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-05-06 X Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server None Active
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Parabola Hackers Parabola Hackers 2009 Rolling Rolling 2021-08-11 100% Free: GNU FSDG followed in Parabola Social Contract Arch Linux general None Active
Pardus Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) TÜBİTAK 2005 23.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-01-17 X Gentoo (2011.2)
Debian
general None Active
Parrot OS Lorenzo "Palinuro" Faletra Parrot Dev Team 2013 6.1 Edit this on Wikidata Rolling 2024-06-05 X Debian security, desktop None Active
Parsix Alan Baghumian Parsix Project 2005 8.15 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2017-01-25 X Debian desktop None Inactive
Parted Magic Patrick Verner Parted Magic LLC. 2007 2024_05_02 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-05-02 X Independent live, maintenance Commercial Active
PCLinuxOS Bill Reynolds dev team 2003 2022.12 Semi-rolling 2022-12-12 X Mandriva Linux desktop None Active
Pop! OS Carl Ritchell System76 2017 22.04 LTS Edit this on Wikidata 2 years for LTS releases.

2–3 months after the next release for other releases.

2022-04-25 X Ubuntu desktop, laptop None Active
Pentoo Michael Zanetta, Rick Farina, Jens Pranaitis Pentoo 2005 2019.1 ? 2019-01-17 X Gentoo Linux auditing, security None Active
Porteus Fanthom Porteus 2010 5.01 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-09-26 X Slackware lightweight, portable None Active
Puppy Linux Barry Kauler Puppy Foundation 2003 9.5 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2020-09-17 X Independent, inspired from Vector linux lightweight, portable None Active
PureOS Todd Weaver Purism 2009 10.3 Edit this on Wikidata Stable and Rolling 2023-06-14 100% Free: GNU FSDG Debian general, security, privacy None Active
Qubes OS Joanna Rutkowska Invisible Things Lab 2012 4.2.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-03-26 X Xen and Fedora security by compartmentalization, desktop None Active
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) Red Hat Red Hat 2002 9.4 Edit this on Wikidata 12 years 2024-05-01 X Red Hat Linux, Fedora general Commercial Active
Red Hat Linux Red Hat Red Hat 1995 9 Edit this on Wikidata alias Shrike ? 2003-03-31 X server, workstation None Inactive
Rocks Cluster Distribution UCSD Supercomputing Center, Clustercorp UCSD Supercomputing Center, Clustercorp 2000 7.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2017-12-01 X Red Hat Linux server, workstation None Active
Rocky Linux Rocky Enterprise Software Foundation Rocky Enterprise Software Foundation 2021 9.4 Edit this on Wikidata 10 years 2024-05-09 X Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) general None Active
ROSA ? LLC NTC IT ROSA 2011 12.5 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-04-02 X Mandriva server, general None Active
Sabayon Linux Fabio Erculiani dev team 2005 19.03 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2019-03-31 X Gentoo Linux general None Active
Salix OS Cyrille Pontvieux, George Vlahavas, Pierrick Le Brun, Thorsten Mühlfelder Salix team 2009 15.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-09-05 X Slackware general None Active
Scientific Linux CERN, Fermilab dev team 2004 7.9 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2020-10-20 X Red Hat Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) server, workstation None Inactive
Slackware Patrick Volkerding dev team 1993 15.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-02-02 X Softlanding Linux System (SLS) general None Active
Slax Tomas Matejicek Tomas Matejicek 2002 12.2.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2023-10-10 X Debian, Slackware (until Slax 9) live None Active
SliTaz GNU/Linux Christophe Lincoln dev team 2008 Rolling Rolling 2020-02-23 X Independent portable None Active
Solus Ikey Doherty dev team 2005 Rolling Rolling 2021-07-11 X Pardus Linux desktop None Active
SolydXK Arjen Balfoort dev team 2013 10-202108 Edit this on Wikidata Debian packages as per Debian 2021-08-14 X Debian desktop None Active
SparkyLinux ? Sparky Linux team 2012 7.3 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-03-14 X Debian general, video games None Active
Source Mage GNU/Linux Ryan Abrams, Eric Schabell dev team 2002 0.62-11 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2017-09-22 Source Mage Social Contract Sorcerer general None Active
SteamOS Valve Valve 2013 3.5.17 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-03-01 X Debian (2.0)
Arch Linux (3.0)
video games None Active
SUSE Linux Enterprise SUSE SUSE 2000 15 Edit this on WikidataSP5 13 years per version 2023-06-20 Common code base for x86-64, Power, System z, Arm64 Slackware, Jurix edge, workstation, server, supercomputer Commercial Active
Tails ? Tails Development Team 2009 6.4 Edit this on Wikidata 2024-06-18 X Debian security-focused aimed for anonymity and privacy None Active
Tiny Core Linux Robert Shingledecker Team Tiny Core 2009 15.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-02-22 X Independent, inspired from Damn Small Linux portable None Active
Trisquel GNU/Linux Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (quidam) Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (quidam) 2005 11.0 Edit this on Wikidata 3 years 2023-03-19 100% Free: GNU FSDG Ubuntu LTS desktop None Active
TurnKey GNU/Linux Alon Swartz, Liraz Siri TurnKey GNU/Linux Team 2008 18.0 Edit this on Wikidata Debian packages as per Debian; TurnKey packages for life of current major version (plus backports per request) 2023-09-14 Debian Social Contract and DFSG Debian server based software appliance library aiming to balance security and ease of use None Active
Ubuntu and Derivatives Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2004 24.04 LTS Edit this on Wikidata
24.04 LTS Edit this on Wikidata
Standard releases 9 months, LTS releases 5 years. Flavor LTS releases 3 or 5 years. Ubuntu Pro 10 years. 2024-04-25
2024-04-25
X Debian general, server, desktop, supercomputer, IBM mainframe None Active
Univention Corporate Server Univention GmbH Univention GmbH 2004 5.0-8 Edit this on Wikidata up to 6 months for free Core Edition; up to 7 years if maintenance is purchased, see: 2024-06-11 X Debian home, business, and school Core Edition is free of charge Active
Ututo Diego Saravia, Daniel Olivera UTUTO dev team 2000 XS 2012 ? 2012-04-27 100% Free: GNU FSDG Ututo XS: Gentoo Linux, Ututo UL: Ubuntu general None Inactive
VectorLinux Robert S. Lange dev team 1999 7.2 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2017-08-28 X Slackware desktop None Inactive
Void Linux Juan Romero Pardines Juan RP and contributors 2008 Rolling Rolling 2022-10-17 X Independent, partially inspired by FreeBSD/NetBSD general None Active
Webconverger Kai Hendry Webconverger Limited 2007 35.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2016-05-19 X Debian kiosk software, digital signage Commercial Inactive
Xandros Xandros Incorporated Xandros Incorporated 2001 4.2 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2007-07-26 X Corel Linux ? Commercial Inactive
Zentyal eBox Technologies eBox Technologies 2005 8.0 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-02-26 X Debian, Ubuntu small business server Some editions are free of charge ?
Zenwalk Jean-Philippe Guillemin dev team 2004 15.0-221106 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2022-11-06 X Slackware general None Active
Zorin OS Zorin Group Zorin Group 2009 17.1 Edit this on Wikidata ? 2024-03-07 X Ubuntu general, desktop Zorin OS Lite & Core are free, while Business and Ultimate are paid Active
Distribution Founder Maintainer Initial release year Current stable version Security updates (years) Release date System distribution commitment Forked from Target audience Cost Status
  1. ^ a b Debian releases are officially supported for 1 year after the subsequent release, with releases being approximately 2 years apart. The Debian LTS Project provides community based support extending the complete support period to 5 years.
  2. ^ Default ISOs included non-free software
  3. ^ Security updates are released every six weeks.

Technical

The table below shows the default file system, but many Linux distributions support some or all of ext2, ext3, ext4, Btrfs, ReiserFS, Reiser4, JFS, XFS, GFS2, OCFS2, and NILFS. It is possible to install Linux onto most of these file systems. The ext file systems, namely ext2, ext3, and ext4 are based on the original Linux file system.

File systems have been developed by companies to meet their specific needs, by hobbyists, or adapted from Unix, Microsoft Windows, and other operating systems. Linux has full support for XFS and JFS, FAT (the DOS file system), and HFS, the main file system for the Macintosh. Support for Microsoft Windows NT's NTFS file system has been developed and is now comparable with other native Unix file systems. CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs' ISO 9660 and Universal Disk Format (UDF) are supported.

Unlike other operating systems, Linux and Unix allow any file system regardless of the medium it is stored on, whether that medium is a magnetic disk, an optical disk (CD, DVD, etc.), a USB flash memory key, or even contained within a file located on another file system. Similarly, many C compilers (mainly GNU Compiler Collection (GCC)), init systems (mainly sysvinit), desktop environments and window managers are widely supported.

Distribution Default Linux kernel Default file system Default init system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection Reproducible builds Display brightness control range
Alpine Linux Binary blobs ext4 openrc none In progress ?
ALT Linux Binary blobs ext3 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce No ?
Arch Linux Binary blobs none systemd Awesome, bspwm, Budgie, Cinnamon, CuteFish, Deepin, Enlightenment, GNOME, i3, KDE, LXQt, MATE, Qtile, Sway, Xfce In progress ?
BLAG Linux-libre ext3 sysvinit GNOME No ?
Bodhi Linux Binary blobs ext4 systemd Moksha (Enlightenment fork) No ?
Canaima Binary blobs ? systemd Gnome, KDE Plasma and Xfce No ?
CentOS Binary blobs xfs systemd GNOME No ?
Chakra Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
Clear Linux OS ? ? ? GNOME ?
ClearOS Binary blobs ext3 systemd none (Web based) No ?
CoreOS Binary blobs ext4 systemd None No ?
CrunchBang Linux Binary blobs ext4 sysvinit Openbox No ?
Damn Small Linux Binary blobs ext3 sysvinit JWM No ?
Debian By default Linux-libre, but the Debian Project also hosts a non-free repository allowing blobs to be installed optionally. Built with Linux-libre tools. ext4 systemd GNOME, KDE, Xfce, LXDE In progress ?
Devuan Binary blobs ext4 sysvinit Xfce No ?
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre Linux-libre ext4 runit Xfce No ?
dyne:bolic Linux-libre ? systemd GNOME No ?
Fedora Binary blobs btrfs systemd GNOME (default Workstation Edition), Spins for: KDE, Xfce, Cinnamon, MATE (with Compiz), i3, LXQt, LXDE, Phosh, Sway and Budgie In progress ?
Funtoo Binary blobs none openrc None No ?
Gentoo Binary blobs none openrc Awesome, Enlightenment, Fluxbox, GNOME, KDE, LXDE-Meta, Openbox, XBMC and Xfce (live DVD) No ?
gNewSense Debian Linux kernel, and (unlike Debian) blobs cannot be installed ext3 sysvinit GNOME No ?
Guix System Linux-libre, Hurd (in progress) ext4 GNU Shepherd GNOME, Xfce, MATE, Enlightenment, Openbox, awesome, i3, ratpoison, EXWM In progress ?
Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre Linux-libre none openrc none No ?
Kali Linux Binary blobs ext4 systemd GNOME No 0% to 100%
Knoppix Binary blobs xfs microknoppix LXDE No ?
LibreCMC Binary blobs ext4 busybox-init none No ?
Linux Mint Binary blobs ext4 systemd MATE, Cinnamon, KDE 4, XFCE No ?
Mageia Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME No ?
Mandriva Linux Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
Manjaro Linux Binary blobs none systemd Xfce, KDE, GNOME No ?
MEPIS Binary blobs ext4 sysvinit KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
MIRACLE LINUX Binary blobs ext4 systemd GNOME No ?
Musix GNU+Linux Linux-libre ext4 initscripts LXDE No ?
NixOS Binary blobs or Linux-libre none systemd GNOME or KDE Plasma (Default), CDE, Cinnamon, Enlightment, Kodi, Lumina, LXQt, MATE, Pantheon, Phosh, RetroArch, Xfce, Xterm. 40 window managers In progress ?
OpenELEC Binary blobs SquashFS shell script XBMC Media Center No ?
openSUSE Binary blobs btrfs systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, Xfce In progress ?
OpenWrt Binary blobs overlayfs+SquashFS/JFFS2 procd none In progress ?
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Linux-libre none openrc or systemd none No ?
Pardus Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
Parsix Binary blobs ext4 systemd GNOME No ?
PCLinuxOS Binary blobs none sysvinit KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce, Enlightenment, Openbox No ?
Pentoo Binary blobs SquashFS openrc Enlightenment No ?
Porteus Binary blobs ? sysvinit KDE, LXDE, Xfce, Openbox, Razor-qt No ?
Puppy Linux Binary blobs SquashFS containing ext2 busybox-init JWM No ?
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Binary blobs xfs systemd GNOME No ?
Rxart Desktop Binary blobs ext3 ? KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
Sabayon Linux Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME No ?
Scientific Linux Binary blobs ext4 sysvinit, systemd GNOME No ?
Slackware Binary blobs ? RC.d and sysvinit compatible KDE, XFCE Fluxbox, Blackbox, fvwm2 twm No ?
Slax Binary blobs SquashFS sysvinit KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
SliTaz GNU/Linux Binary blobs ext3 busybox-init Openbox No ?
Solus Binary blobs ext4 systemd Budgie, Gnome, MATE, KDE No ?
Source Mage GNU/Linux Binary blobs ext2 simpleinit-msb none No ?
SteamOS Binary blobs ? systemd Steam No ?
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop Binary blobs btrfs systemd GNOME No ?
Tails Vanilla Linux ? systemd GNOME Reproducible ISO and USB images ?
Trisquel Linux-libre ? systemd GNOME, LXDE No ?
TurnKey GNU/Linux Binary blobs ext4 systemd none - headless server by design; provides Webmin for administration No ?
Ubuntu/Edubuntu Binary blobs ext4 systemd GNOME No 1% to 100%
Ubuntu GNOME Binary blobs ext4 systemd GNOME 3 No ?
Ubuntu MATE Binary blobs ext4 systemd MATE No ?
Kubuntu Binary blobs ext4 systemd KDE Plasma Workspaces No ?
Xubuntu Binary blobs ext4 systemd Xfce No 0% to 100%
Lubuntu Binary blobs ext4 systemd LXQt No 1% to 100%
Ututo Ututo XS (stable) is de-blobbed with Linux-libre tools. Ututo UL (development) uses Linux-libre. Ututo UL means "Ubuntu-Libre" ext3 systemd GNOME No ?
VectorLinux Binary blobs ReiserFS sysvinit KDE, Openbox, Fluxbox, IceWM, Xfce No ?
Void Linux Binary blobs none runit none No ?
Webconverger Binary blobs gitfs sysvinit dwm enforcing a Browser-only interface No ?
XBMC Live Binary blobs ext3 systemd XBMC Media Center No ?
Zentyal Binary blobs ext4 systemd LXDE No ?
Zenwalk Binary blobs ext4 sysvinit Xfce No ?
Distribution Default Linux kernel Default file system Default init system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection Reproducible builds Display brightness control range
  1. ^ a b In internal LCD displays the backlight is turned off and the screen can be used under ambient light as it was a Reflective LCD.

Instruction set architecture support

Linux kernel portability to instruction set architectures other than x86, was an early feature added to the kernel.

Distribution x86 x86-64 arm ia64 ppc ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 hppa loongson mips sh s390 s390x alpha m68k riscv
Alpine Linux Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No riscv64
3.20+
Arch Linux Unofficial
Official discontinued 2017-11-08
Yes Unofficial No Discontinued unofficial port Unofficial No No No Discontinued. Unofficial port No No No No No No Unofficial
BackTrack Discontinued from BackTrack 5 and superseded by Kali Linux Discontinued from BackTrack 5 and superseded by Kali Linux Discontinued from BackTrack 5 and superseded by Kali Linux No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
BLAG Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Bodhi Linux Yes Yes Discontinued
2013-10-23
No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
BOSS Linux Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
CentOS AltArch Yes AltArch Discontinued
3.5-3.8
4.1-4.7
Beta, Discontinued
4.0
AltArch Beta
4.2
No No No No No Discontinued
3.5-3.8
4.1-4.7
Discontinued
3.5-3.8
4.1-4.7
Discontinued
4.2-4.3
No No
Chakra No Yes ? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Clear Linux OS ? Yes ? ? No No No No No No No No No No No No No
CRUX Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Debian Yes Yes
4.0+
Yes
2.2+
Discontinued
3.0-7.0
Discontinued
2.2-8
Yes Discontinued
2.1-4.0
Discontinued
-7
Discontinued
3.0-5.0
Yes Yes
3.0+
In progress Discontinued
3.0-7
Yes
7+
Discontinued
2.1-5.0
Discontinued
2.0-3.1
In progress
Devuan Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
dyne:bolic Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Fedora Discontinued from
Fedora 30
Yes Yes Discontinued from
Fedora 9
Discontinued from
Fedora 17
Yes No Inactive from
Fedora 12
No In progress Inactive from
Fedora 13
No No Yes No No In progress
Finnix Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
Gentoo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Test release
gNewSense Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
Guix System Yes Yes Yes, ARMv7 and AArch64 No No No No No No No No No No No No No In progress
Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre Yes Yes No No No In progress No No No No No No No No No No In progress
Kali Linux Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
LibreCMC No No No No No No No No No No Yes XBurst No No No No No No
Manjaro Linux Yes
Unofficial
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
MEPIS Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
MIRACLE LINUX Discontinued
8.0
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Musix GNU+Linux Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
NixOS Unofficial Yes Yes No Unofficial Unofficial No No No No No No Unofficial Unofficial No Unofficial Unofficial
OpenELEC Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
openSUSE Leap No Yes v7 64 No No ppc64le No No No No No No No No No No No
openSUSE Tumbleweed Yes Yes v6 v7 64 No No Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No RV64G
OpenWrt Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Oracle Linux Yes Yes No Discontinued
5
No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Yes Yes Yes, ARMv7 No No Test release No No No Discontinued Discontinued No No No No No Test release
Red Flag Linux Discontinued
8.0
Discontinued
8.0
No Discontinued
3
No Discontinued
3
No No No No No No No No No No No
Red Hat Linux Discontinued
9.0
No No Discontinued
7.1-7.2
Test release
5.1
No Discontinued
4.0-4.2
5.1-6.2
Test release
5.1
No No Test release
5.1
No Discontinued
7.2
Yes Discontinued
2.1-7.1
Test release
5.1
No
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Discontinued
2.1-6
Yes
3+
Yes Discontinued
2.1-5
Yes
3+
Yes
3+
No No No No No No Discontinued
3-4
Yes
3+
No No No
Sabayon Linux Discontinued Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Scientific Linux Yes Yes No Discontinued
3-4
No No No No No No No No No No No No No
SHR No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Slackware Yes Yes Yes No No No Discontinued
?
No No No No No Discontinued
?
Discontinued
?
Discontinued
8.1
No No
Solus No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Source Mage GNU/Linux Yes Yes No No Yes No No No No ? No No No No No No No
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Yes Yes AArch64 only Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No No
Trisquel GNU/Linux Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
TurnKey GNU/Linux Selected ISOs
available
Yes No - but under development by community No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Ubuntu/Kubuntu/Xubuntu/Lubuntu Discontinued from
Ubuntu 20.04
Yes Yes, including 64-bit ARMv8-A No Yes Yes No No No No No No No Ubuntu only, 16.04+ No No No
Ututo Yes Yes No No No No No No No In progress No No No No No No No
Void Linux Yes Yes Yes No Unofficial Unofficial No No No No No No No No No No No
XBMCbuntu Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Yellow Dog Linux No No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
Distribution x86 x86-64 arm ia64 ppc ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 hppa loongson mips sh s390 s390x alpha m68k riscv

Package management and installation

Information on features in the distributions. Package numbers are only approximate. Some distributions like Debian tend to separate tools into different packages – usually stable release, development release, documentation and debug. Also counting the source package number varies. For debian and rpm based entries it is just the base to produce binary packages, so the total number of packages is the number of binary packages. For Arch based entries, it is additional.

Distribution Free software repositories Approximate number of pre-compiled packages Approximate number of source packages Default package management tool(s) Package format Default installer Graphical installation process Netinstall Netboot
Alpine Linux Free, and nonfree 13,888 ? apk .apk setup-alpine No ? ?
ALT Linux Free, and nonfree 8,300 ? APT (APT-RPM), RPM RPM Yes ? ?
Arch Linux Free, and nonfree 13,751 80,754 from AUR Pacman .pkg.tar.zst arch-install-scripts and archinstaller No Yes iPXE
BLAG Free only 10,000 ? RPM, yum, APT RPM Yes No No
Bodhi Linux Free, and nonfree ? APT .dpkg Ubiquity Yes ? ?
Canaima Free, and nonfree ? ? APT .deb debian-installer Yes ? ?
CentOS Free, and nonfree 6,813 ? RPM, yum/up2date RPM Anaconda Yes Yes ?
Chakra Free, and nonfree 3,074 CCR: 5,342 Pacman (will be replaced by Akabei in future) .pkg.tar.xz Package manager in development ? ?
ClearOS Free, and nonfree ? RPM, yum RPM No ? ?
Clear Linux OS ? ? ? Swupd ? ? ? ? ?
CrunchBang Linux Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb Yes ? ?
Debian Free, and nonfree 171,937 28,923 APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes Yes PXE
Devuan Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes Yes PXE
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre Free only 484 ? pkgsystem .tlz ? No No No
dyne:bolic Free only ? ? APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes No No
Fedora Free, and nonfree 68,419 37,036 DNF, yum, PackageKit RPM Anaconda Yes Yes ?
Gentoo Free, and nonfree 10,000 19,092 Portage .ebuild, .tbz2 None (third-party install scripts only) Yes Yes PXE
gNewSense Free only ? ? APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes Yes No
Guix System Free only 20,571 20,571 Guix .scm, .go guix system init Yes Yes No
Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre Free only 6,128 ? Pacman .pkg.tar.lz None (third-party install scripts only) No Yes ?
Knoppix Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb No ? ?
LibreCMC Free only 826 ? ? ? No No No
Linux Mint Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb Ubiquity Yes ? ?
Mageia Free, and nonfree 17,283 (i586), 11,409 (x86-64) 8,834 urpmi, rpmdrake RPM DrakX Yes Yes ?
Mandriva Linux Free, and nonfree 22,600 ? urpmi, rpmdrake RPM DrakX Yes ? ?
Manjaro Linux Free, and nonfree ? Pacman .pkg.tar.xz Calamares Yes Yes iPXE
MEPIS Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb MEPIS Install Yes ? ?
MIRACLE LINUX Free, and nonfree 7,109 2,899 RPM, yum, dnf RPM Anaconda Yes Yes No
Musix GNU+Linux Free only 1,819 ? APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes No No
NixOS Free, and nonfree 71,311 114,916 nix .nix Calamares Yes Yes Yes
OpenELEC Free, and nonfree 140 ? XBMCbuntu addon manager, own and 3rd party addons .zip Yes ? ?
openSUSE Free, and nonfree 42,236 with PackMan 34,000 YaST, Zypper RPM YaST Yes Yes ?
OpenWrt Free, and nonfree 2,000 ? opkg .ipk - No ? ?
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Free only 23,000 ? Pacman .pkg.tar.xz None (third-party install scripts only) or Calamares Yes Yes ?
Pardus Free, and nonfree 4,000 ? APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes ? ?
Parsix Free, and nonfree 14,900 APT .deb Yes ? ?
PCLinuxOS Free, and nonfree 12,000 ? APT, RPM RPM Yes ? ?
Puppy Free, and nonfree 700 ? PupGet, DotPup .pup, .pet Yes ? ?
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Free, and nonfree 3,000 (plus 9,155 from EPEL) ? RPM, yum RPM Anaconda Yes ? ?
Rxart Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb Yes ? ?
Sabayon Linux Free, and nonfree ? Portage, Entropy ebuild, .tbz2 Calamares Yes ? ?
Scientific Free, and nonfree ? APT/yum RPM Yes ? ?
Slackware Free, and nonfree 2,292 7,705 from SlackBuilds slackpkg tgz, .txz, .tlz, .tbz bash script No Yes Yes
Slax Free, and nonfree 2,050 ? none .lzm ? ?
SliTaz GNU/Linux Free, and nonfree 3,381 ? Tazpkg .tazpkg tazinst Yes iPXE iPXE
Solus Free, and nonfree 9,500 ? eopkg .eopkg os-installer Yes No No
Source Mage GNU/Linux Free, and nonfree 118 8,876 Sorcery Package Manager src Yes ? ?
SUSE Linux Free, and nonfree 24,094 11,385 YaST, Zypper RPM YaST Yes ? ?
Tiny Core Linux Free, and nonfree 25,160 ? ab, tce-load tcz tc-install, core2usb Yes ? ?
Tiny SliTaz Free, and nonfree 50 ? Web site tazpkg No ? iPXE
Trisquel Free only 52,748 ? APT .deb Ubiquity Yes Yes ?
TurnKey GNU/Linux Free, and nonfree (plus ≈30 custom packages) 21,041 (currently TurnKey only supplies source code for custom packages) APT .deb DI-Live (custom fork of Debian Installer) No No No
Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu Free, and nonfree 110,066 24,474 APT .deb Ubiquity Yes Yes PXE
Ututo Free only 5,000 ? UTUTO Package Manager ebuild ? ? No No
Vector Linux Free, and nonfree ? ? slapt-get, gslapt, installpkg tgz Yes ? ?
Void Linux Free, nonfree and multilib 6,000 6,719 xbps .xbps ncurses script Yes Yes No
XBMC Live Free, and nonfree ? ? APT .deb No ? ?
Zentyal Free, and nonfree ? APT .deb dpkg Yes ? ?
Zenwalk Free, and nonfree 2,000 ? netpkg, installpkg, upgradepkg tgz, txz Yes ? ?
Distribution Free software repositories Approximate number of pre-compiled packages Approximate number of source packages Default package management tools Package format Default installer Graphical installation process Netinstall Netboot

Live media

Distribution Size of media (MB) RAM use (MB) Boots from CD Boots from DVD Installable live CD/DVD Installable from USB
Arch Linux 742 min 80 Yes Yes Yes Yes
AUSTRUMI 301 Yes Yes Yes Yes
BLAG Linux and GNU 696 ? Yes No ?
Bodhi Linux 1,024 80 Yes Yes Yes Yes
CentOS 603 (Minimal) 4,096 (DVD) Yes Yes Yes (installable since 6.0) Yes
Chakra 2,150 No Yes Yes Yes
Clear Linux OS ? ? ? ? ? ?
Debian 958 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Devuan 868 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre 655 ? Yes ? ? ?
dyne:bolic 1,650 ? up to version 2.x Yes ? ?
Fedora 1,434 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gentoo 260 (Minimal) 2,048 (Live DVD) up to 128 Yes Yes Yes Yes
gNewSense 1,200 512 ? ? Yes ?
Grml 460 32 to 128 Yes No Yes Yes
Guix System 814 233 No Yes Yes Yes
Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 1,124 ? up to version 0.3.x Yes Yes Yes
Knoppix CD 700 128 to 320 Yes Yes Only DVD edition is maintained
Knoppix DVD 4,813 128 to 500 No Yes
LibreCMC ? ? No No No No
Mandriva Linux One 700 128 to 768 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Manjaro Linux 473 to 2,200 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
MEPIS 700 to 4,000 128 to 512 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Musix GNU+Linux 2,000 ? No Yes Yes Yes
Nanolinux 18 ≈64 Yes Yes Yes Yes
NixOS 780 (Minimal) 1,700 (Plasma) 2,200 (GNOME) ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
openGEU 700 192 to 512 Yes Yes
openSUSE (Not 42.1) 700 128 to 768 Yes Yes Yes Yes
OpenWrt min 4 min 16 No No No No
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre 400 to 3,300 ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pardus 1,256 to 1,276 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
PCLinuxOS 130 to 700 96 to 512 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pentoo 666 and 700 48 to 96 Yes Yes By hand By hand
Porteus 224 to 373 min 36 ? ? Yes Yes
Puppy Linux (Slacko) 235 32 to 192 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Puredyne 542 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sabayon Linux Live CD 695 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sabayon Linux Live DVD 2,400 No Yes Yes Yes
Scientific Linux 431 to 2,300 640 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slackware 2,600 64 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slax 200 96 to 320 Yes Yes Yes
Solus 1,200 1,024 No Yes Yes Yes
SystemRescueCD 459 Yes Yes Yes Yes
SliTaz GNU/Linux 50 48 to 256 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tails ≈900 ≈1,024 No Yes Yes Yes (when run from DVD)
Tiny Core Linux 17 (Core) 248 (Core Plus) 28 to 128 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tiny SliTaz 1.44 4 Yes Yes By SliTaz By SliTaz
Trisquel 1,500 384 Yes Yes Yes Yes
TurnKey GNU/Linux Core (base) appliance ISO 212 ~173 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ubuntu 1,700 384 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ututo 3,500 ? No Yes Yes ?
Edubuntu 2,900 Yes Yes Yes
Kubuntu 1,400 384 Yes Yes Yes Yes
XBMC Live 700 256 to 1,024 Yes No Yes Yes
Zentyal 600 256 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Xubuntu 1,200 256 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Distribution Size of media (MB) RAM use (MB) Boots from CD Boots from DVD Installable live CD/DVD Installable from USB

Security features

Distribution Compile time buffer checks Mandatory access control Software executable space protection grsecurity RSBAC
Alpine Linux Yes Un­known PaX Discontinued in 3.8.0 Un­known
BLAG Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
Android (operating system) Yes Yes, since Android Marshmallow Optional Optional Optional
Clear Linux OS Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
Debian Yes SELinux, AppArmor PaX optional Optional Optional
Dragora GNU/Linux-Libre Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
dyne:bolic Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
Fedora Yes SELinux Exec Shield No No
Gentoo Optional SELinux, AppArmor PaX optional Optional Optional
gNewSense Un­known SELinux, AppArmor Un­known Un­known Un­known
Guix System Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
LibreCMC Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
Mandriva Un­known AppArmor Un­known Un­known Yes
MIRACLE LINUX Un­known SELinux Un­known No Un­known
Musix GNU+Linux Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Un­known Optional Un­known Optional Un­known
Slackware Un­known AppArmor, tomoyo Un­known Un­known Optional
SUSE Linux Yes AppArmor Hardware NX and other methods in mainline kernel and toolchain No No
Solus Yes AppArmor Un­known No Un­known
Trisquel Un­known SELinux, AppArmor Un­known Un­known Un­known
Ubuntu Yes SELinux, AppArmor PaX optional Optional Optional
Ututo Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known

Apple Silicon Support

Distribution Direct Install Working Virtualisation Community Version
Kali Unknown Yes N/A
Ubuntu Unknown Yes N/A
Fedora Unknown Yes N/A

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Based on Debian
  2. ^ Based on Fedora
  3. ^ Based on Fedora
  4. ^ Based on Debian
  5. ^ From the Sources.gz files in the main, contrib and non-free sections of Debian Buster. On the 2020-06-12, Debian Sid, the development release, have 31717 source packages.
  6. ^ Based on Debian
  7. ^ Note this number is just of packages in the Official Gentoo Overlay (or Portage Tree). Several hundred other packages are available from other overlays
  8. ^ Can be installed graphically (GTK+ and ncurses), but traditionally done by command line (install cd, live cd, netboot, and from distributions).
  9. ^ Based on Debian
  10. ^ Based on Debian
  11. ^ Based on AUR
  12. ^ Based on Debian
  13. ^ Based on Debian
  14. ^ Based on Debian
  15. ^ Based on Gentoo
  16. ^ Based on Fedora
  17. ^ Based on Debian
  18. ^ From the Sources.gz files in the main, contrib and non-free sections of Debian Jessie. On the 2015-11-21, Debian Sid, the development release, have 24757 source packages.
  19. ^ Based on Debian
  20. ^ From the Sources.gz files in the main,universe, multiverse and restricted sections of Ubuntu Wily.
  21. ^ Based on Debian
  22. ^ Based on Debian
  23. ^ Based on Ubuntu

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External links