KDE neon

Appearance move to sidebar hide KDE neon
Base logo (many thematic variations also in use)
Screenshot of KDE neon 6 with the KDE Plasma 6 desktop environment. Also containing on this picture is the open menu and setting page targeted to the "About This System" tab.KDE neon 6.0
DeveloperKDE
Written inC/C++/Qt 6
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseJune 8, 2016 (2016-06-08)
Latest releaseUser Edition:
20240228, based on Ubuntu 22.04 and Plasma 6, kernel Linux 6.5 / 28 February 2024 (2024-02-28)
Repositorycommunity.kde.org/Neon/Git
Marketing targetPeople who want the newest versions of KDE Plasma
Available in80 languages
List of languagesAfrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Aragonese, Arabic, Assamese, Asturian, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bokmål, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Crimean, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Friulian, Gaelic, Galician, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Interlingua, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Mandarin, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Occitan, Oriya, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uyghur, Vietnamese, Welsh
Update methodAPT
Package managerPackageKit/Discover (GUI)
Platformsx86-64/AArch64
Kernel typeMonolithic
UserlandGNU, Ubuntu long-term support base
Default
user interface
KDE Plasma 6
LicenseVarious open-source licenses, mainly the LGPL-2.1 and GPL-2
Official websiteneon.kde.org

KDE neon is a Linux distribution developed by KDE based on Ubuntu long-term support (LTS) releases, bundled with a set of additional software repositories containing the latest versions of the Plasma 6 desktop environment/framework, Qt 6 toolkit and other compatible KDE software. First announced in June 2016 by Kubuntu founder Jonathan Riddell following his departure from Canonical Ltd., it has been adopted by a steadily growing number of Linux users, regularly appearing in the Top 20 on DistroWatch.com's popularity tables.

It is offered in stable and development variants; the User Edition is a stable release featuring the latest KDE packages that have passed their quality assurance, while the Testing, Unstable, and Developer Edition branches use the latest beta and unstable nightly releases of KDE packages (the last of which bundled with KDE development libraries and headers).

Differences from Kubuntu

Because Kubuntu has the KDE Plasma suite on an Ubuntu base OS, KDE neon often is mistaken for Kubuntu and vice versa. However, the primary difference between the two operating systems is that Kubuntu maintains stable releases and an LTS version of Ubuntu while KDE Neon focuses on updating developer editions of KDE applications without maintaining stable releases of Ubuntu unless the root user actively chooses to upgrade their systems. KDE neon forces the user to update the distro with PackageKit package instead of Advanced Packaging Tool. This approach prevents possible issues during the KDE packages update.

Hardware

Four laptops have been released with KDE neon pre-installed: KDE Slimbook (released in March 2017), KDE Slimbook II (2018), KDE Slimbook III (2020) and KDE Slimbook IV (2022).

History and versions

KDE neon first started taking shape in late 2015 as a way to provide a rolling release of KDE software on top of Ubuntu's stable OS base. Daily installation images began being built in January 2016. These images were based on Ubuntu 15.10, but in April 2016, upgrades to Ubuntu 16.04, which would eventually become the base for the first general release, which happened on 8 June 2016.

KDE neon announced in January 2017 that the distribution will be switching its installer from Ubiquity to Calamares due to Ubiquity "not having some features". In February 2018, KDE neon developers removed the LTS Editions from the downloads page, but kept these editions in the download mirrors because of "lots of people asking which edition to use and what the difference is." In May 2018, KDE started changing KDE neon from being based on Ubuntu 16.04 to Ubuntu 18.04. KDE neon preview images, based on Ubuntu 18.04, became available in August 2018. On 10 August 2020, KDE released a rebased version of KDE Neon, based on Ubuntu 20.04.

As KDE neon is primarily a packaging of KDE software (and occasionally updated dependencies) on top of Ubuntu LTS, its versions are simply numbered off the Plasma release version. However, some notable versions of KDE neon User Edition are listed below to show technical progression.

Version Release date Description
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.6 8 June 2016 Based on Ubuntu 16.04 base, using Plasma 5.6. This was the first version of KDE neon considered a general release.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.13 26 September 2018 neon 5.13 was the first version built both on Ubuntu 16.04 and on 18.04. It was released in June 2018 based only on Ubuntu 16.04, but early tests based on 18.04 were made available in August. The user edition was made upgradeable to 18.04 in September, and in early 2019 the Ubuntu 16.04 based build was discontinued.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.15 12 February 2019 Alongside the 5.15.0 release of KDE Plasma, KDE neon upgraded to version 5.15. At this point, KDE neon started making KDE applications available in Snap format as well as the usual deb packages. This also helps make it easier to install the latest KDE applications on other Linux distributions without needing to upgrade other components such as KDE frameworks. KDE Neon still uses apt based packages by default, but the snap packages are built and maintained using the neon build system and their packaging is part of the neon project.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.19 9 June 2020 After upgrading to KDE Plasma 5.19, neon began the work of porting to Ubuntu 20.04. After testing, the public release of KDE neon officially switched over to Ubuntu 20.04 on 10 August 2020.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.20 13 October 2020 The KDE neon 5.20 was released alongside KDE Plasma in October 2020. Although this was a major release for KDE Plasma, KDE neon didn't have any major technical changes other than the version upgrade itself.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.21 16 February 2021 The latest edition of KDE neon was released alongside KDE Plasma in February 2021. Improvements included a focus on Wayland support, a new application launcher and Plasma System Monitor, aiming to succeed KSysGuard.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.22 9 June 2021
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.23 14 October 2021
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.24 8 February 2022
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.25 14 June 2022
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.26 11 October 2022 Base update to Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. Desktop Environment update to Plasma 5.26.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.27 14 February 2023 Desktop Environment update to Plasma 5.27.
Current stable version: 6.0 28 February 2024 Desktop Environment upgrade to KDE Plasma 6.
Legend:Old versionOlder version, still maintainedLatest versionLatest preview versionFuture release

Fresh installation images are built regularly, grabbing the latest packages from Ubuntu and the latest packages from the KDE neon repositories.

See also

References

  1. ^ "KDE neon logo concept". KDE Nextcloud. Archived from the original on 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  2. ^ a b "KDE neon User Edition 5.6 Available now". KDE.news. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  3. ^ "Packages in "PPA for Ubuntu language pack builders" : PPA for Ubuntu language pack builders : "Ubuntu language pack builders" team". launchpad.net. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  4. ^ "KDE neon FAQ: How do I Update to the Latest Software?". neon.kde.org. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  5. ^ "KDE neon FAQ: Is KDE neon 64-bit only?". neon.kde.org.
  6. ^ "KDE neon on the $100 Pinebook". KDE neon Developers' Blog. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  7. ^ KDE neon - Weak lighting, Dedoimedo
  8. ^ KDE neon 5.12 review - Living on the edge, Dedoimedo
  9. ^ DistroWatch. "DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD". distrowatch.com.
  10. ^ Lunduke, Bryan (10 February 2016). "KDE's new Linux distro KDE Neon: Terrible idea, or simply a mistake?".
  11. ^ Verma, Adarsh (13 October 2017). "KDE Neon 5.11 Linux Distro Released With Latest Plasma Release".
  12. ^ KDE Neon 5.11 Is the First Linux Distro to Ship with KDE Plasma 5.11 Desktop, Softpedia News
  13. ^ A look at KDE Neon – a minimal mini-distribution - gHacks Tech News
  14. ^ "Kubuntu's founder resigns, accuses Canonical of defrauding donors and violating copyright". PCWorld. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  15. ^ "KDE neon". DistroWatch.com. 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  16. ^ "KDE neon New Edition Names – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  17. ^ ""KDE Neon vs Kubuntu" - KDE Community Forums".
  18. ^ "KDE neon". neon.kde.org. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  19. ^ Tung, Liam. "Need a Linux-tuned laptop? New KDE Slimbook aims to make it simpler to drop Windows". ZDNet.
  20. ^ Portnoy, Sean. "KDE launches updated Slimbook II Linux laptops with faster Intel Core processors". ZDNet.
  21. ^ Sneddon, Joey (22 July 2020). "The 3rd-Gen KDE Slimbook is Here, And Boy is it Powerful". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  22. ^ Solca, Bogdan (6 July 2022). "Slimbook readies 4th gen Linux-based KDE laptops powered by AMD's Ryzen 7 5700U". NotebookCheck.net.
  23. ^ Riddell, Jonathan (2015-10-05). " Founding Plan". Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  24. ^ "Neon/FoundingPlan - KDE Community Wiki". community.kde.org. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  25. ^ Riddell, Jonathan (2016-01-11). " Neon Images Appearing". Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  26. ^ Riddell, Jonathan (2016-04-12). " 15.10 -> 16.04 upgrade testing". Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  27. ^ KDE neon Inaugurated with Calamares Installer – Jonathan Riddell's Diary
  28. ^ KDE Neon Has Stylish New Install Wizard - OMG! Ubuntu!
  29. ^ Hiding Neon LTS Edition - KDE neon Developers Blog
  30. ^ Moving to Bionic - KDE neon Developers Blog
  31. ^ KDE neon Bionic Preview Images Available for Testing - KDE neon Developers Blog
  32. ^ Neon/BionicRebase - KDE Community Wiki
  33. ^ KDE Neon Operating System Is Moving to Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver), Softpedia News
  34. ^ KDE Neon Powered By Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Now Available For Testing - Phoronix
  35. ^ KDE Neon Rebased On Ubuntu 20.04
  36. ^ "KDE neon User Edition 5.6 Available now". KDE.news. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  37. ^ "Plasma 5.13 Out – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  38. ^ "KDE neon Bionic Preview Images Available for Testing – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  39. ^ "KDE neon on Ubuntu 18.04 "bionic" Upgrade Open for Testing – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2019-09-05. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  40. ^ "KDE neon Rebased on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS "Bionic Beaver"". KDE.news. 2018-09-26. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  41. ^ "KDE Neon Now Based on Ubuntu 18.04 'Bionic Beaver'". OMG! Ubuntu!. 2018-09-26. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  42. ^ Nestor, Marius (2019-02-14). "KDE neon Systems Based on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Have Reached End of Life, Upgrade Now". softpedia. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  43. ^ "KDE Applications 19.04 Available for all Distros Through the Snap Store – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2019-04-18. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  44. ^ "KDE neon Rebased on 20.04 – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2020-08-10. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  45. ^ Nestor, Marius (2020-08-10). "KDE neon Is Now Based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)". 9to5Linux. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  46. ^ "KDE Neon 20.04 is Out, Available to Download Now". OMG! Ubuntu!. 2020-08-10. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  47. ^ "KDE Plasma 5.20 Looks Like an Awesome Update". OMG! Ubuntu!. 2020-09-17. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  48. ^ "We made something pretty". KDE Org. 2021-02-16. Retrieved 2021-02-20.
  49. ^ Plasma - 25th Anniversary Edition on kde.org
  50. ^ Plasma 5.24 - Perfect Harmony on kde.org
  51. ^ Plasma 5.25 - New Looks on kde.org
  52. ^ Plasma 5.26 - All About the Widgets on kde.org
  53. ^ Plasma 5.27 - The 'KDE 💖 Free Software' Edition on kde.org
  54. ^ "KDE neon 6 Available Now – KDE neon Developers' Blog". 2024-02-28. Retrieved 2024-02-29.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KDE neon.