Trisquel

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Trisquel GNU/Linux
Trisquel 11.0 desktop
DeveloperThe Trisquel Project and Sognus, S.L.U.
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Initial releaseJanuary 30, 2007 (2007-01-30)
Latest release11.0 / March 19, 2023 (2023-03-19)
Repository
Marketing targetHome users, small enterprises and educational centers
Update methodLong-term support
Package managerAPT, Synaptic (GTK+ frontend), dpkg
Platformsamd64, i386, ARM, POWER9
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux-libre)
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
Official websitetrisquel.info

Trisquel (full name Trisquel GNU/Linux) is a computer operating system, a Linux distribution, derived from another distribution, Ubuntu. The project aims for a fully free software system without proprietary software or firmware and uses a version of Ubuntu's modified kernel, with the non-free code (binary blobs) removed. Trisquel relies on user donations. Its logo is a triskelion, a Celtic symbol. Trisquel is listed by the Free Software Foundation as a distribution that contains only free software.

Overview

Four basic versions are available.

Trisquel

The standard Trisquel distribution includes the MATE desktop environment and graphical user interface (GUI), and English, Spanish and 48 other localizations, 50 in total, on a 2.6 GB live DVD image. Other translations can be downloaded if an internet connection is present during installation.

Trisquel Mini

Trisquel Mini is an alternative to mainline Trisquel, designed to run well on netbooks and older hardware. It uses the low-resource environment LXDE and lightweight GTK+ and X Window System alternatives to GNOME and Qt-KDE applications. The LXDE desktop only includes English and Spanish localizations, and can install from a 1.2 GB live DVD image.

Triskel

Triskel is another alternative to mainline Trisquel using the KDE graphical interface, available as a 2.0 GB ISO DVD live image.

Trisquel Sugar TOAST

Sugar is a free and open source desktop environment designed with the goal of being used by children for interactive learning. Sugar replaces the standard MATE desktop environment available with Trisquel.

Trisquel NetInstall

NetInstall consists of a 25MB CD iso image with just the minimal amount of software to start the installation via a text based network installer and fetch the remaining packages over the Internet.

Internationalization

The full installation includes 51 languages (Albanian, Arabic, Aranese, Asturian, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Central Khmer, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Low German, Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk, Occitan, Punjabi, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Valencian and Vietnamese) pre-installed in a downloadable 1.2-gigabyte DVD image.

Source code

Source code for the full Trisquel 11 installation is also available in a downloadable of about 8.8 or 9.4-gigabyte tar file.

The source code can also be obtained with a torrent file.

History

The project began in 2004 with sponsorship of the University of Vigo for Galician language support in education software and was officially presented in April 2005 with Richard Stallman, founder of the GNU Project, as a special guest. According to project director Rubén Rodríguez, the support for Galician has created interest in South American and Mexican communities of emigrants from the Province of Ourense.

By December 2008, Trisquel was included by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) in its list of Linux distributions endorsed by the Free Software Foundation.

Release history

Legend: Old version, not maintained Older version, still maintained Current stable version Latest preview version Future release
Version Code name Release date Supported until Kernel Desktop environment Based on
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0 Arianrhod 2007-01-30 Linux 2.6.18.6 GNOME 2.14 Debian 4.0 (Etch)
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 LTS Robur 2008-07-24 2014-03-02 Linux 2.6.24 GNOME 2.22 Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (Hardy Heron)
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 STS Dwyn 2009-09-08 2011-05-11 Linux-libre 2.6.28 GNOME 2.26 Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope)
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 STS Awen 2010-03-22 2011-07-14 Linux-libre 2.6.31 GNOME 2.28 Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala)
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 LTS Taranis 2010-09-18 2015 Linux-libre 2.6.32 GNOME 2.30 Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5 STS Slaine 2011-03-24 2012-09-15 Linux-libre 2.6.35 GNOME 2.32 Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 STS Dagda 2011-09-17 2014-03-02 Linux-libre 2.6.38 GNOME 2.32 Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.5 STS Brigantia 2012-04-16 2014-03-02 Linux-libre 3.0 GNOME 3.2 Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)
Old version, no longer maintained: 6.0 LTS Toutatis 2013-03-09 2017 Linux-libre 3.2 GNOME 3.4 Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)
Old version, no longer maintained: 7.0 LTS Belenos 2014-11-03 2019 Linux-libre 3.13 GNOME 3.12 Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr)
Old version, no longer maintained: 8.0 LTS Flidas 2018-04-18 2021 Linux-libre 4.4 MATE 1.12 Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus)
Old version, no longer maintained: 9.0 LTS Etiona 2020-10-16 2023-04 Linux-libre 4.15 MATE 1.20 Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver)
Older version, yet still maintained: 10.0 LTS Nabia 2022-02-01 2025 Linux-libre 5.4 MATE 1.24 Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)
Current stable version: 11.0 LTS Aramo 2023-03-19 2027 Linux-libre 5.15 MATE 1.26 Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish)

The releases that use GNOME 3.x use GNOME Classic/Flashback, rather than the default GNOME Shell. All Trisquel releases starting with version 6 are only based on Ubuntu LTS releases.

Current versions include this common software:

Prior editions:

Trisquel LTSP classroom server, managed via iTALC.

Reception

Trisquel 6 Desktop running GNOME Fallback Mode

Jesse Smith of DistroWatch reviewed the 4.0 release, Taranis, and described it as refined and dependable. He portrayed difficulty with removing software as his main problem with the release. He complimented it as an operating system that showcased utility instead of mere compliance with free software criteria.

Jesse Smith also reviewed Trisquel 7.0 in 2014, writing "Whenever I boot up Trisquel I find myself wondering whether the free software only distribution will be able to hold its own when it comes to hardware drivers, multimedia support and productivity software. The answer I came to when running Trisquel 7.0 is that, yes, the distribution appears to be nearly as capable as operating systems that do not stick to the FSF's definition of free software. Some people who use hardware that requires binary blobs or non-free drivers may face problems and Flash support isn't perfect when using the free Gnash player, but otherwise Trisquel appears to be every bit as functional as other mainstream Linux distributions. The software Trisquel ships with appears to be stable, functional and user friendly. The distribution is easy to install, I found it pleasant to use and I didn't encounter any problems. People who value or wish to promote free software should definitely try running Trisquel, it's an excellent example of what can be accomplished with free software."

Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews reviewed the 5.5 release, Brigantia, and described it as "well-ordered and well developed" and recommended it to users whether they care about only using free software or not. Lynch stated that the release was suitable for beginners and advanced users.

Chris Fisher and Matt Hartley of The Linux Action Show! praised the design, ease of use, and hardware support of Trisquel 5.5 and Trisquel 5.5 Mini, but found that the Linux-libre kernel found in Trisquel impedes functionality of proprietary wireless devices. They argued that the distribution was targeting power users and that new users should use a different distribution.

Richard Stallman announced in January 2015 that he is using Trisquel on a Thinkpad X60 instead of his former computer, the Lemote Yeeloong.

Hardware

IA-32 and x86-64 CPU architectures were supported since Trisquel 5.5, which includes free software compatible chipsets. However, IA-32 support was dropped with the release of Trisquel 10. Support for 32-bit ARM processors with a floating point unit (armhf) was added in the same release. 64-bit ARM and POWER support was added in Trisquel 11.0.

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Download - Trisquel GNU/Linux - Run free!". trisquel.info. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b The Trisquel Project (30 January 2007). "Publicación de Trisguel 1.0". trisquel.uvigo.es. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  4. ^ ""Trisquel 11.0 LTS Aramo"".
  5. ^ https://trisquel.info/en/trisquel-110-aramo-release-announcement
  6. ^ "Documentation | Trisquel GNU/Linux - Run free!". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
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  35. ^ a b "Trisquel 6.0 LTS "Toutatis" has arrived!". The Trisquel Project. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  36. ^ a b "Trisquel 7.0 LTS Belenos". The Trisquel Project. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  37. ^ "Update config file for next Trisquel release". Trisquel at Gitlab. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  38. ^ "Trisquel 8.0 LTS Flidas". 18 April 2018.
  39. ^ "Trisquel 9.0 development plans". 18 April 2018.
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  41. ^ "Trisquel 10 name". 4 December 2020.
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  43. ^ "Trisquel 11 Needs A Name". 1 February 2022.
  44. ^ a b "Trisquel 11.0 Aramo release announcement". 19 March 2023.
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  57. ^ "ThinkPenguin". trisquel.info. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  58. ^ "Trisquel 10.0 Nabia release announcement". trisquel.info. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  59. ^ "Trisquel 11.0 "Aramo" release announcement". Retrieved 1 January 2024.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trisquel GNU/Linux.