UEFA Euro 1992

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1992 UEFA European Football Championship
Europamästerskapet i fotboll
Sverige 1992
Small is Beautiful
Tournament details
Host countrySweden
Dates10–26 June
Teams8
Venue(s)4 (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Denmark (1st title)
Runners-up Germany
Tournament statistics
Matches played15
Goals scored32 (2.13 per match)
Attendance430,111 (28,674 per match)
Top scorer(s)Denmark Henrik Larsen
Germany Karl-Heinz Riedle
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp
Sweden Tomas Brolin
(3 goals each)

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth UEFA European Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

Denmark won the 1992 championship, having qualified only after Yugoslavia was disqualified as a result of the breakup of the country and the ensuing warfare there. Eight national teams contested the final tournament.

The CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States), representing the recently dissolved Soviet Union, whose national team had qualified for the tournament, were present at the tournament. It was also the first major tournament in which the reunified Germany (who were beaten 2–0 by Denmark in the final) had competed.

It was the last tournament with only eight participants, to award the winner of a match with only two points, and before the introduction of the back-pass rule, the latter of which was brought in immediately after the tournament was completed. When the next competition was held in 1996, 16 teams were involved and were awarded three points for a win.

Bid process

On 16 December 1988, following a decision made by the UEFA Executive Committee, Sweden was chosen over Spain to host the event. Spain was at a disadvantage as they had already been chosen to host the EXPO 1992 in Seville and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.

Summary

Seven of the eight teams had to qualify for the final stage; Sweden qualified automatically as hosts of the event. The Soviet Union qualified for the final tournament shortly before the break-up of the country, and took part in the tournament under the banner of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), before the former Soviet republics formed their own national teams after the competition. The CIS team represented the following former Soviet nations: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Tajikistan. Four out of 15 ex-republics were not members of the CIS: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania did not send their players; Georgia was not a member of the CIS at the time, but Georgian Kakhaber Tskhadadze was a part of the squad.

Originally, Yugoslavia qualified for the final stage and were about to participate as FR Yugoslavia, but due to the Yugoslav Wars, the team was disqualified and Denmark, as the runners-up from Yugoslavia's qualifying group, was invited to take part instead. After a draw with England and a loss to host nation Sweden, Denmark beat France in their final group match to qualify for the semi-finals, where they faced the reigning European champions, the Netherlands. Denmark led 2–1 going into the last five minutes, but a Frank Rijkaard equaliser meant the game went to a penalty shoot-out; Danish goalkeeper Peter Schmeichel saved Marco van Basten's kick, giving Denmark a 5–4 win on penalties and a place in the final against the reigning world champions, Germany. Denmark won the final 2–0 with goals from John Jensen and Kim Vilfort in either half to claim their first European title.

Qualification

Scotland and the hosts Sweden made their respective debuts despite having already made many appearances at the World Cup. France qualified for the first Euro in which they were not the hosts. They played after missing the previous tournament.

As of 2024, this was the last time that both the Czech Republic and Slovakia (until 2016) (then Czechoslovakia), Italy, Portugal, and Spain failed to qualify for the European Championship finals.

Qualified teams

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament
 Sweden Host 16 December 1988 0 (debut)
 France Group 1 winner 12 October 1991 2 (1960, 1984)
 England Group 7 winner 13 November 1991 3 (1968, 1980, 1988)
 CIS Group 3 winner 13 November 1991 5 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988)
 Scotland Group 2 winner 13 November 1991 0 (debut)
 Germany Group 5 winner 20 November 1991 5 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988)
 Netherlands Group 6 winner 4 December 1991 3 (1976, 1980, 1988)
 Denmark Group 4 runner-up 31 May 1992 3 (1964, 1984, 1988)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1960 to 1988, CIS competed as the Soviet Union.
  3. ^ Replaced the Soviet Union.
  4. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  5. ^ Replaced FR Yugoslavia (after qualifying as Yugoslavia), who were subject to sanctions under UN Security Council Resolution 757 and thus banned from appearing.

Final draw

The draw for the final tournament took place on 17 January 1992 in Gothenburg. Only two teams were seeded: Sweden (as hosts) and the Netherlands (as holders). The remaining six teams were all unseeded and could be drawn in any group. Months after the draw, Yugoslavia was banned from participating and replaced by Denmark, which had come second in the qualifying group.

In the draw procedure, the unseeded teams were drawn one by one. The first two were placed in position 4 of each group, the next two in position 3, and the last 2 in position 2. The two seeded teams were then drawn and placed consecutively into position 1 of the groups.

Pot 1: Seeded teams Pot 2: Unseeded teams
  1. ^ Hosts Sweden were automatically assigned to position A1.
  2. ^ Defending champions the Netherlands were automatically assigned to position B1.
  3. ^ Yugoslavia were to participate in the final tournament as FR Yugoslavia. However, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was placed under sanctions on 30 May 1992 by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 after the outbreak of Yugoslav Wars. FIFA and UEFA therefore suspended FR Yugoslavia from competitive football on 31 May 1992, meaning they could not participate in the final tournament. Denmark instead took the spot at the final tournament.

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group 1
 Sweden
 France
 Yugoslavia Denmark
 England
Group 2
 Netherlands
 Scotland
 CIS
 Germany

Venues

Gothenburg UEFA Euro 1992 is located in SwedenGothenburgGothenburgStockholmStockholmMalmöMalmöNorrköpingNorrköping Stockholm
Ullevi Råsunda Stadium
Capacity: 44,000 Capacity: 40,000
Malmö Norrköping
Malmö Stadion Idrottsparken
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,000

Squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 20 players.

Match ball

Adidas Etrusco Unico was used as the official match ball of the tournament. The ball was previously used in the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

Match officials

Country Referee Linesmen Matches refereed
 Austria Hubert Forstinger Johann Möstl Alois Pemmer France 1–2 Denmark
 Belgium Guy Goethals Pierre Mannaerts Robert Surkijn Scotland 0–2 Germany
 CIS Alexey Spirin Victor Filippov Andrei Butenko Sweden 1–1 France
 Denmark Peter Mikkelsen Arne Paltoft Jørgen Ohmeyer Netherlands 0–0 CIS
 France Gérard Biguet Marc Huguenin Alain Gourdet CIS 1–1 Germany
 Germany Aron Schmidhuber Joachim Ren Uwe Ennuschat Sweden 1–0 Denmark
 Hungary Sándor Puhl László Varga Sándor Szilágyi France 0–0 England
 Italy Pierluigi Pairetto Domenico Ramicone Maurizio Padovan Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Tullio Lanese Sweden 2–3 Germany (Semi-final)
 Netherlands John Blankenstein Jan Dolstra Robert Overkleeft Denmark 0–0 England
 Portugal José Rosa dos Santos Valdemar Aguiar Pinto Lopes Antonio Guedes Gomes De Carvalho Sweden 2–1 England
 Spain Emilio Soriano Aladrén Francisco García Pacheco José Luis Iglesia Casas Netherlands 2–2 Denmark (Semi-final)
 Sweden Bo Karlsson Lennart Sundqvist Bo Persson Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
 Switzerland Kurt Röthlisberger Zivanko Popović Paul Wyttenbach Scotland 3–0 CIS
Bruno Galler Denmark 2–0 Germany (Final)
Fourth officials
Country Fourth officials
 Austria Gerhard Kapl
 Belgium Frans van den Wijngaert
 CIS Vadim Zhuk
 Denmark Kim Milton Nielsen
 France Rémi Harrel
 Germany Karl-Josef Assenmacher
 Hungary Sándor Varga
 Netherlands Mario van der Ende
 Portugal Jorge Emanuel Monteiro Coroado
 Sweden Leif Sundell

Group stage

Results. Yugoslavia (stripes) qualified and were going to participate as FR Yugoslavia, but banned and replaced by Denmark. CIS (yellow on the right side of the map) qualified as Soviet Union.

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the two groups progress to the semi-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:

  1. Goal difference in all group matches
  2. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
  3. Drawing of lots

Group 1

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Sweden (H) 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
3  France 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
4  England 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
Source: UEFA
(H) Hosts 10 June 1992 (1992-06-10)20:15
Sweden 1–1 France
Report
Råsunda Stadium, SolnaAttendance: 29,860Referee: Alexey Spirin (CIS) 11 June 1992 (1992-06-11)20:15
Denmark 0–0 England
Report
Malmö Stadion, MalmöAttendance: 26,385Referee: John Blankenstein (Netherlands) 14 June 1992 (1992-06-14)17:15
France 0–0 England
Report
Malmö Stadion, MalmöAttendance: 26,535Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary) 14 June 1992 (1992-06-14)20:15
Sweden 1–0 Denmark
Report
Råsunda Stadium, SolnaAttendance: 29,902Referee: Aron Schmidhuber (Germany) 17 June 1992 (1992-06-17)20:15
Sweden 2–1 England
Report
Råsunda Stadium, SolnaAttendance: 30,126Referee: José Rosa dos Santos (Portugal) 17 June 1992 (1992-06-17)20:15
France 1–2 Denmark
Report
Malmö Stadion, MalmöAttendance: 25,763Referee: Hubert Forstinger (Austria)

Group 2

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Netherlands 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Germany 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 3
3  Scotland 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 2
4  CIS 3 0 2 1 1 4 −3 2
Source: UEFA 12 June 1992 (1992-06-12)17:15
Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
Report
Ullevi, GothenburgAttendance: 35,720Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden) 12 June 1992 (1992-06-12)20:15
CIS 1–1 Germany
Report
Idrottsparken, NorrköpingAttendance: 17,410Referee: Gérard Biguet (France) 15 June 1992 (1992-06-15)17:15
Scotland 0–2 Germany
Report
Idrottsparken, NorrköpingAttendance: 17,638Referee: Guy Goethals (Belgium) 15 June 1992 (1992-06-15)20:15
Netherlands 0–0 CIS
Report
Ullevi, GothenburgAttendance: 34,440Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark) 18 June 1992 (1992-06-18)20:15
Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Report
Ullevi, GothenburgAttendance: 37,725Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy) 18 June 1992 (1992-06-18)20:15
Scotland 3–0 CIS
Report
Idrottsparken, NorrköpingAttendance: 14,660Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)

Knockout stage

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary. As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket

 Semi-finalsFinal
       
 22 June – Gothenburg
 
  Netherlands2 (4)
 26 June – Gothenburg
  Denmark (p)2 (5)
  Denmark2
 21 June – Solna
  Germany0
  Sweden2
 
  Germany3
 

Semi-finals

21 June 1992 (1992-06-21)20:15
Sweden 2–3 Germany
Report
Råsunda Stadium, SolnaAttendance: 28,827Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy) 22 June 1992 (1992-06-22)20:15
Netherlands 2–2 (a.e.t.) Denmark
Report
Penalties
4–5
Ullevi, GothenburgAttendance: 37,450Referee: Emilio Soriano Aladrén (Spain)

Final

26 June 1992 (1992-06-26)20:15
Denmark 2–0 Germany
Report
Ullevi, GothenburgAttendance: 37,800Referee: Bruno Galler (Switzerland)

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 32 goals scored in 15 matches, for an average of 2.13 goals per match.

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Source: UEFA

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament
Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Denmark Peter Schmeichel France Jocelyn Angloma
France Laurent Blanc
Germany Andreas Brehme
Germany Jürgen Kohler
Denmark Brian Laudrup
Germany Stefan Effenberg
Germany Thomas Häßler
Netherlands Ruud Gullit
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp
Netherlands Marco van Basten

Marketing

Slogan and theme song

Small is Beautiful was the official slogan of the contest. The official anthem of the tournament was "More Than a Game", performed by Towe Jaarnek and Peter Jöback.

Logo and identity

It was the last tournament to use the UEFA plus flag logo, and before the tournament was known as "Euro" (it is known as "Euro 1992" only retrospectively). It was also the first major football competition in which the players had their names printed on their backs, around the time that it was becoming a trend in club football across Europe.

Mascot

The official mascot of the competition was a rabbit named Rabbit, dressed in a Swedish football jersey, as well as wearing head and wristbands while playing with a ball.

Sponsorship

Global sponsors Event sponsors
Sweden

References

  1. ^ Chowdhury, Saj (12 May 2012). "Euro 1992: Denmark's fairytale". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Sweden to host 1992 Euro finals". New Straits Times. Reuters. 18 December 1988. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. ^ Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-553-2
  4. ^ Hughes, Rob (16 October 1991). "Now, the going gets tough". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b Hughes, Rob (10 June 1992). "Confidence and flair: Dutch favored in Euro 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Yugoslav athletes banned". The New York Times. 1 June 1992. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. ^ Thomsen, Ian (23 June 1992). "Danes upset Dutch in penalty shoot-out, advance to final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  8. ^ Thomsen, Ian (27 June 1992). "Upstart Danes upend Germany, 2–0, in soccer final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". UMN.edu. United Nations. 30 May 1992. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  10. ^ "Duitsland speelt met Luxemburg" . Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 19 December 1991. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Liedholm verricht loting" . Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 13 January 1992. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Nederland weer tegen Duitsland" . Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 18 January 1992. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  13. ^ "European Football Championship 1992 FINAL". euro2000.org. Union of European Football Associations. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Season 1992 | UEFA EURO | UEFA.com". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  15. ^ "1992 team of the tournament". Union of European Football Associations. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  16. ^ Kell, Tom (1 February 2013). "The weird and wonderful world of Euro mascots". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 April 2015.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1992 UEFA European Championship.