Provinces of Laos

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CategoryUnitary state
LocationLao People's Democratic Republic
Populations98,000 (Xaisomboun) – 1,004,000 (Savannakhét)
Areas3,920 km2 (1,510 sq mi) (Vientiane) – 21,774 km2 (8,407 sq mi) (Savannakhét)

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is divided into 17 provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, pronounced , khoeng, qwang or khoueng) and one prefecture, the Vientiane capital city municipality (ນະຄອນຫຼວງ, nakhon louang, or Na Kone Luang Vientiane). The special administrative zone (ເຂດພິເສດ, khet phiset), Xaisomboun, created in 1994, was dissolved on 13 January 2006. In 2013, parts of the former special administrative zone was reestablished as Xaisomboun province.

Provinces and prefectures of Laos

Location Name Capital Population (2023 census) Area (km2) Population density ISO
Attapeu province
Samakkhixay District
153,000 10,320 14 LA-AT
Bokeo province
Houayxay District
(Ban Houayxay)
198,000 6,196 29 LA-BK
Bolikhamxai province
Pakxan District
287,000 14,863 18 LA-BL
Champasak province
Pakse District
706,000 15,415 45 LA-CH
Houaphanh province
Xam Neua District
(Xam Neua)
302,000 16,500 18 LA-HO
Khammouane province
Thakhek District
397,000 16,315 24 LA-KH
Luang Namtha province
Namtha District
(Luang Namtha)
182,000 9,325 19 LA-LM
Luang Prabang province
Luang Prabang
(Luang Prabang)
444,000 16,875 26 LA-LP
Oudomxay province
Xay District
(Muang Xay)
313,000 15,370 20 LA-OU
Phongsaly province
Phongsaly District
192,000 16,270 11 LA-PH
Salavan province
Salavan District
410,000 10,691 37 LA-SL
Savannakhet province Khanthaboury District
1,004,000 21,774 45 LA-SV
Vientiane province Phonhong District
435,000 18,526 23 LA-VI
Vientiane Prefecture Vientiane 836,000 3,920 209 LA-VT
Sainyabuli province
Xayabury District
395,000 16,389 23 LA-XA
Sekong province
La Mam District
124,000 7,665 15 LA-XE
Xaisomboun province
Anouvong District
98,000 4,506 19 LA-XS
Xiangkhouang province
Pek District
254,000 15,880 15 LA-XI


The population of each province in 2023 is given in the census data. The population of Laos in 2023 is 6,730,000.


In 1989 Vientiane prefecture was split from Vientiane province and the capital of Vientiane province moved from Vientiane to Muang Phôn-Hông. In 1994 Xaisômboun khetphiset (special region) was formed from parts of the Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, and Xiangkhoang provinces. In 2006 Xaisomboun special region was dissolved and the Longsan, Xaysomboun, Phun, and Hom districts added to Vientiane province, while Thathon district was transferred to Xiengkhuang province.

Further divisions

The provinces are then subdivided into districts (muang) and villages (baan).


The provinces are grouped geographically into 3 strata, North (from Phongsaly to Saiyabouly, Luang Prabang and Xiengkhuang), Central (Vientiane and Bolikhamxay) and South (from Khammuane to Champasack).

See also


  1. ^ "Laos Provinces". Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  2. ^ "Results of Population and Housing Census 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-11-10.

External links

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