Salavan (city)

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Salavan ສາລະວັນ
District and municipality
Salavan District
Salavan DistrictSalavan District
Salavan is located in LaosSalavanSalavanCity location in Laos
Coordinates: 15°43′N 106°25′E / 15.717°N 106.417°E / 15.717; 106.417
Country Laos
ProvinceSalavan
Population (2015)
 • Total100,900
 • ReligionsBuddhism
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)

Salavan (ສາລະວັນ) is the capital of Salavan Province in southern Laos. It is also a provincial district. It is 125 km from Pakse on a partially paved road.

Geography

Salavan is in the southernmost area of Laos, one of the most isolated regions of the country. The city is in a densely forested area that has seen little development outside the city. Dozens of indigenous villages of various tribes surround Salavan.

Climate

Climate data for Salavan (1991–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.4
(97.5)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
42.5
(108.5)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
35.6
(96.1)
35.1
(95.2)
34.7
(94.5)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
36.1
(97.0)
42.5
(108.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
33.3
(91.9)
35.1
(95.2)
35.4
(95.7)
33.5
(92.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.8)
30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.8
(80.2)
29.2
(84.6)
29.8
(85.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.1
(79.0)
24.4
(75.9)
27.2
(81.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
19.3
(66.7)
22.8
(73.0)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
20.6
(69.1)
17.8
(64.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
9.0
(48.2)
13.3
(55.9)
17.0
(62.6)
19.6
(67.3)
21.2
(70.2)
20.0
(68.0)
20.2
(68.4)
18.4
(65.1)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
9.5
(49.1)
9.0
(48.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
14.9
(0.59)
34.7
(1.37)
81.4
(3.20)
215.2
(8.47)
317.6
(12.50)
482.0
(18.98)
460.7
(18.14)
378.5
(14.90)
125.8
(4.95)
22.8
(0.90)
3.6
(0.14)
2,140.5
(84.27)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 1 4 7 16 19 23 24 20 11 4 1 131
Mean monthly sunshine hours 265.8 242.5 228.8 221.0 194.9 131.7 119.7 115.3 144.2 193.1 221.2 248.1 2,326.4
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization
Source 2: NOAA (extremes), The Yearbook of Indochina (1931-1932)

Culture

Salavan's local culture is influenced by the Lao Loum, lowland Lao who form the majority of the population of both the city and country, as well as hill tribe and former colonial French cultures. Salavan is starting to become a popular backpacking destination for tourists in Indochina and has a "frontier town"-like feel because of the dearth of settlements outside the city. Salavan is known for its version of Lao dance, which has spread to throughout the entire nation. The Lao language is the most spoken language in the city. French is also spoken by a minority, a legacy of the French colonial rule.

References

  1. ^ "Results of Population and Housing Census 2015" (PDF). Lao Statistics Bureau. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
  2. ^ a b c "Salavan Travel Guide". Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  3. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2023.
  4. ^ "Global Surface Summary of the Day - GSOD". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 26, 2023.
  5. ^ The Yearbook of Indochina (1931-1932)