Slovak Soviet Republic

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Slovak Soviet RepublicSlovenská republika rád (Slovak)
Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság (Hungarian)
Словацька Радянська Республіка (Ukrainian)
1919
Flag of Slovakia Flag Emblem of Slovakia Emblem
Motto: "Proletari šickich krajin, spojte še!"
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: "Internacionála"
The Internationale
  Slovak Soviet Republic
StatusPuppet state of the Hungarian Soviet Republic
CapitalPrešov
Common languages
GovernmentSoviet socialist republic
Chairman of the Revolutionary Government Council 
Historical eraInterwar period
• Proclaimed 16 June 1919
• Military intervention 7 July 1919
ISO 3166 codeSK
Preceded by Succeeded by
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)

The Slovak Soviet Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika rád, Hungarian: Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság, Ukrainian: Словацька Радянська Республіка, literally: 'Slovak Republic of Councils') was a short-lived Communist state in southeast Slovakia in existence from 16 June 1919 to 7 July 1919. Its capital city was Prešov, and it was established and headed by Czech journalist Antonín Janoušek. It was the fourth communist state created in history.

History

In 1918, Czechoslovak troops began occupying northern Hungary in accordance with the territorial promises that the Triple Entente made to Czechoslovak politicians during World War I. However, Upper Hungary (today mostly Slovakia) was occupied by Hungarian troops from the Hungarian Soviet Republic, who helped create the Slovak Soviet Republic.

Following a brief war among Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, the Slovak Soviet Republic fell and later the territory was incorporated into Czechoslovakia. A similar sounding state called the Slovak Socialist Republic existed during the existence of Czechoslovakia, between 1969 and 1990, succeeded by the Slovak Republic until 1992 and on 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia collapsed into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Proclamation of the Slovak Soviet Republic in Prešov SRR Memorial in Prešov

See also

References

  1. ^ "Slovakia". World Statesmen.
  2. ^ Toma 1958, p. 207.
  3. ^ Toma 1958, p. 203.
  4. ^ Hofbauer, Hannes ; Noack, David X. (2012). Slowakei. Der mühsame Weg nach Westen (in German). Vienna: Promedia. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-3-85371-349-5.

Bibliography


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