Nederland, Colorado

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Town of Nederland, Colorado
Town
Motto: "Life Is Better Up Here"
Location of Nederland in Boulder County, Colorado.Location of Nederland in Boulder County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°57′43″N 105°30′38″W / 39.96194°N 105.51056°W / 39.96194; -105.51056
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
CountyBoulder County
Incorporated (town)November 15, 1885
Government
 • TypeStatutory Town
 • MayorBilly Giblin
Area
 • Total1.55 sq mi (4.01 km2)
 • Land1.48 sq mi (3.83 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation8,232 ft (2,509 m)
Population (2020)
 • Total1,471
 • Density1,035.81/sq mi (400.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code80466
Area code303
FIPS code08-53175
GNIS feature ID0204702
Websitetownofnederland.colorado.gov

Nederland (/ˈnɛdərlənd/, NED-ər-lənd) is a statutory town located near Barker Meadow Reservoir in the foothills of southwest Boulder County, Colorado, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census it had a population of 1,471.

History

Nederland was established in 1874. The town started as a trading post between Ute Indians and European settlers during the 1850s. The town's first economic boom came when minerals such as tungsten, silver, and gold were discovered near Tungsten (east of Nederland), Caribou (northwest of Nederland, 1859), and Eldora (west of Nederland, 1875).

Barker Reservoir

Today Nederland is better known as a gateway to outdoor recreation in the nearby Indian Peaks Wilderness, Rocky Mountain National Park, Roosevelt National Forest, and the recently established James Peak Wilderness. Nederland is located 17 miles (27 km) west of Boulder, 41 miles (66 km) south of Estes Park, and 47 miles (76 km) northwest of Denver at the Junction of SH 119 and SH 72 on the Peak to Peak Highway.

Name origin

In the mid-19th century the first homesteaders gave a variety of names for the area. The town was first called Dayton, then Browns Crossing. In 1871, when the US Postal Service first set up an office, the name was changed to Middle Boulder after the creek that flows through the center of town (and continues eastward to become Boulder Creek).

In 1873 the Caribou Mine, at an elevation of roughly 10,000 feet (3,000 m) and 6 miles (10 km) northwest of the town, was sold to the Mining Company Nederland from the Netherlands. The high elevation meant fierce winds and deep winter snow, so the new owners of the mine decided that it was beneficial to bring ore from Caribou down to Middle Boulder for milling. In the Dutch language, Nederland ("Netherlands" in English) means low land, and based on casual usage by the Dutch miners, Middle Boulder came to be known as Nederland. In 1874 the town was incorporated and adopted Nederland as the official name.

Geography

Nederland is located in southwest Boulder County at 39°57′43″N 105°30′38″W / 39.96194°N 105.51056°W / 39.96194; -105.51056 (39.961986, −105.510604).

The elevation in the center of town is 8,234 feet (2,510 m) above sea level. Due west from the town is the Indian Peaks Wilderness within Roosevelt National Forest. The Continental Divide passes through the Wilderness 8 miles (13 km) west of Nederland.

The town of Nederland has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 4.29%, is water, consisting primarily of the west end of Barker Reservoir on Middle Boulder Creek.

Climate

Nederland has an alpine subarctic climate (Dfc) due to its high altitude. Summer days are warm but nights are cool and frost is possible even in mid-summer. Snowfall is possible most of the year.

Climate data for Nederland, Colorado (1970-1988)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
61
(16)
65
(18)
71
(22)
78
(26)
86
(30)
87
(31)
89
(32)
82
(28)
79
(26)
70
(21)
64
(18)
89
(32)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
37.8
(3.2)
41.8
(5.4)
49.2
(9.6)
57.5
(14.2)
69.1
(20.6)
75.2
(24.0)
73.3
(22.9)
65.3
(18.5)
55.2
(12.9)
43.1
(6.2)
37.1
(2.8)
53.2
(11.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 10.2
(−12.1)
12.9
(−10.6)
16.7
(−8.5)
22.7
(−5.2)
29.3
(−1.5)
37.1
(2.8)
42.6
(5.9)
41.2
(5.1)
33.8
(1.0)
25.3
(−3.7)
17.5
(−8.1)
12.5
(−10.8)
25.2
(−3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
−10
(−23)
6
(−14)
14
(−10)
27
(−3)
19
(−7)
3
(−16)
−2
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−34
(−37)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.54
(14)
0.59
(15)
1.29
(33)
2.18
(55)
2.69
(68)
1.67
(42)
2.39
(61)
2.01
(51)
1.74
(44)
1.02
(26)
1.12
(28)
0.73
(19)
17.97
(456)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.3
(34)
13.1
(33)
23.9
(61)
24.3
(62)
12.2
(31)
1.8
(4.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
5.2
(13)
9.3
(24)
19.9
(51)
16.1
(41)
139.0
(353)
Average precipitation days 6 5 7 8 11 8 14 12 8 6 7 5 98
Source: WRCC
Nederland, CO
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
    0.5     35 10     0.6     38 13     1.3     42 17     2.2     49 23     2.7     58 29     1.7     69 37     2.4     75 43     2     73 41     1.7     65 34     1     55 25     1.1     43 18     0.7     37 13
█ Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
█ Precipitation totals in inches
Source:
Metric conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D
    14     2 −12     15     3 −11     33     5 −9     55     10 −5     68     14 −2     42     21 3     61     24 6     51     23 5     44     19 1     26     13 −4     28     6 −8     19     3 −11
█ Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
█ Precipitation totals in mm

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880279
1910446
1920291−34.8%
1930285−2.1%
194038434.7%
1950266−30.7%
19602722.3%
197049280.9%
19801,212146.3%
19901,099−9.3%
20001,39426.8%
20101,4453.7%
20201,4711.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,445 people, 657 households, and 349 families residing in the town. The population density was 954 inhabitants per square mile (368/km2). There were 749 housing units at an average density of 499.3 units per square mile (192.8 units/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.9% some other race, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 657 households, of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18, 41.7% were headed by married couples living together, and 46.9% were non-families. Of all households, 32.6% were made up of individuals, and 4.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19, and the average family size was 2.77.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 19.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 34.5% from 25 to 44, 32.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% being 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 112.7 males.

For the period 2007–2011, the estimated median income for a household in the town was $69,638, and the median income for a family was $90,329. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,526 versus $65,052 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,730. About 7.0% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line. The median house or condo value in between 2007 and 2011 was estimated at $329,600.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Nederland hosts several major events every year, including the diverse NedFest (Nederland Music & Arts Festival), the historical Miners Day celebration, and the annual Frozen Dead Guy Days festival, all next to Barker Meadow Reservoir.

Frozen Dead Guy Days, which occurs every year in early March, commemorates a substandard attempt by Norwegian immigrant Trygve Bauge to practice cryonics on Bredo Morstoel, his deceased grandfather. In addition to extensive local press, The New York Times covered the festival in 2011 and 2012.

Notable people

Legalization of marijuana

On Tuesday, April 6, 2010, Nederland became the third community in Colorado (after Denver and Breckenridge) to legalize the sale, purchase, possession, consumption, and transportation, cultivation, manufacturing, dispensing of medical marijuana and its concentrates and related paraphernalia for persons 21 years of age and older.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
  2. ^ "Town of Nederland, Colorado Website". Town of Nederland, Colorado Website. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. December 1, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2007.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Nederland, Colorado
  6. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on January 1, 2008. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
  7. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  8. ^ "About". nederlandco.org. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  9. ^ "How We Became Nederland". Town of Nederland. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  10. ^ "Profile for Nederland, Colorado". ePodunk. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  11. ^ "Nederland Area Chamber of Commerce". Nederlandchamber.org. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  12. ^ "nederlandmuseums.org". nederlandmuseums.org. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  14. ^ "Nederland 2 NNE, Colorado". Wrcc.Dri.Edu. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  19. ^ "Selected Housing Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP04): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  20. ^ "About FDGD". Frozen Dead Guy Days. June 18, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  21. ^ Frozen Dead Guy Festival for Sale (the Man Himself Stays on Ice)
  22. ^ Town Breathes Easier as Frozen Dead Guy and His Festival Stay Put
  23. ^ "Kathy Butler's Bio". Retrieved August 4, 2013.
  24. ^ "Timmy Duggan's Bio". Timmy Duggan's Bio. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  25. ^ "Ian MacGregor". Cycling Archives. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  26. ^ Ann Trombley at Sports Reference
  27. ^ O'Driscoll, Patrick (November 3, 2005). "Denver OKs pot". USA Today.
  28. ^ Archived April 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Erica Meltzerdailycamera.com (April 7, 2010). "Nederland voters legalize pot, oust mayor - Boulder Daily Camera". Dailycamera.com. Retrieved May 6, 2013.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nederland, Colorado.