List of date formats by country

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The legal and cultural expectations for date and time representation vary between countries, and it is important to be aware of the forms of all-numeric calendar dates used in a particular country to know what date is intended.

Writers have traditionally written abbreviated dates according to their local custom, creating all-numeric equivalents to day–month formats such as "15 June 2024" (15/06/24, 15/06/2024, 15-06-2024 or 15.06.2024) and month–day formats such as "June 15, 2024" (06/15/24 or 06/15/2024). This can result in dates that are impossible to understand correctly without knowing the context. For instance, depending on the order style, the abbreviated date "01/11/06" can be interpreted as "1 November 2006" for DMY, "January 11, 2006" for MDY, and "2001 November 6" for YMD.

The ISO 8601 format YYYY-MM-DD (2024-06-15) is intended to harmonize these formats and ensure accuracy in all situations. Many countries have adopted it as their sole official date format, though even in these areas writers may adopt abbreviated formats that are no longer recommended.

Usage map

Colour Order styles Main regions and countries
   DMY

Europe: Italy, Ukraine, Romania, Netherlands, etc.
North America: Mexico, various Caribbean islands
Central America: Guatemala, Honduras, etc.
South America: Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, etc.
North Africa: Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, etc.
East Africa: Somalia
West, Central, and Southern Africa: Nigeria, Ethiopia, DRC, Tanzania, Sudan, Uganda, etc.
West Asia: Turkey, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, etc.
Central Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan
East and Southeast Asia: Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, etc.
South Asia: Pakistan, Bangladesh
Oceania: Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, etc.
Middle East: United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Iran, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan

   YMD China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan, Hungary, Mongolia, Lithuania, Bhutan, Sweden
   MDY Some U.S. island territories
   DMY, YMD India, Russia, Vietnam, Germany, Iran, United Kingdom, France, Myanmar, Spain, Poland, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Australia, Cameroon, Sri Lanka, etc.
   DMY, MDY Philippines, Togo, Panama, Puerto Rico, Cayman Islands, Greenland
   MDY, YMD United States
   MDY, DMY, YMD South Africa, Kenya, Canada, Ghana

Listing

Table coding

All examples use example date 2021-03-31 / 2021 March 31 / 31 March 2021 / March 31, 2021 – except where a single-digit day is illustrated.

Basic components of a calendar date for the most common calendar systems:

Specific formats for the basic components:

Separators of the components:

Country All-numeric date format Details Official standard
YMD DMY MDY
 Afghanistan Yes Yes No Short format: d/m/yyyy (Year first, month, and day in right-to-left writing direction)

Long format: yyyy mmmm d (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction)

 Åland Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy-mm-dd

Long format: d mmmm yyyy

 Albania Yes Yes No dd/mm/yyyy
Some YMD
 Algeria No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)
 American Samoa No No Yes (mm/dd/yy)
 Andorra No Yes No
 Angola No Yes No
 Anguilla No Yes No
 Antigua and Barbuda No Yes No
 Argentina Sometimes Yes No Numeric format: yyyyMMdd (Example: 20030613)

Short format: dd/mm/yy (Example: 13/06/03)
Medium format: dd/mm/yyyy (Example: 13/06/2003)
Long format: d' de 'mmmm' de 'yyyy (Example: 13 de junio de 2003)
Full format: dddd d' de 'mmmm' de 'yyyy (Example: viernes 13 de junio de 2003).

 Armenia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Aruba No Yes No
Australia Australia Yes Yes No mmmm d, yyyy is sometimes used, usually informally in the mastheads of magazines and newspapers, and in advertisements, video games, news, and TV shows, especially those emanating from the United States. MDY in numeric-only form is never used.

The ISO 8601 date format (2024-06-15) is the recommended short date format for government publications.

AS/NZS ISO 8601.1:2021
 Austria Yes Yes No (Using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) as in d.m.(yy)yy or sometimes d. month (yy)yy). ÖNORM ISO 8601
 Azerbaijan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Bahamas No Yes No
Bahrain Bahrain No Yes No
 Bangladesh No Yes No Not officially standardised. Bengali calendar dates are also used: দদ-মম-বববব
 Barbados No Yes No BNS 50:2000
 Belarus No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
Belgium Belgium No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) or (dd.mm.yyyy) NBN Z 01-002
 Belize No Yes No
 Benin No Yes No
 Bermuda No Yes No
 Bhutan Yes No No
 Bolivia No Yes No
 Bonaire No Yes No
 Bosnia and Herzegovina No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. mmmm yyyy.)
 Botswana Yes Yes No yyyy-mm-dd for Setswana and dd/mm/yyyy for English
Brazil Brazil No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) or (dd.mm.yyyy) NBR 5892:2019
 British Indian Ocean Territory No Yes No
 British Virgin Islands No Yes No
 Brunei No Yes No
 Bulgaria No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Burkina Faso No Yes No
 Burundi No Yes No
 Cambodia No Yes No Short format: dd/mm/yy

Long format: d mmmm yyyy

 Cameroon Yes Yes No (d)d/(m)m/yyyy or d mmmm yyyy for Aghem, Bafia, Basaa, Duala, English, Ewondo, French, Fula, Kako, Kwasio, Mundang, Ngiemboon and Yangben

yyyy-mm-dd for Meta' and Ngomba

Canada Canada Yes Yes Yes ISO 8601 is the only format that the Government of Canada and Standards Council of Canada officially recommend for all-numeric dates. However, usage differs with context.

All three long forms are used in Canada.

For English speakers, MDY (mmmm-dd-yyyy) (example: April 9, 2019) is used by many English-language publications and media company products as well as the majority of government documents written in English.

For French and English speakers, DMY (dd-mmmm-yyyy) is used (example: 9 April 2019/le 9 avril 2019). This form is used in formal letters, academic papers, military, many media companies and some government documents, particularly in French-language ones.

Federal regulations for shelf life dates on perishable goods mandate a year/month/day format, but allow the month to be written in full, in both official languages, or with a set of standardized two-letter bilingual codes such as 2019 JA 07 or 19 JA 07.

CAN/CSA-Z234.4-89 (R2007)
 Cape Verde No Yes No
 Cayman Islands No Yes Yes DMY and MDY are used interchangeably. Official forms generally tend towards DMY. Month is often spelled out to avoid confusion.
 Central African Republic No Yes No
 Chad No Yes No
 Chile No Yes No In Chile the format dd/mm/yyyy is used only, or you can also say "3 June 2023" or in Spanish "3 de junio del 2023"You can also use the short format, example "03/06/23".
China China Yes No No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd (with leading zeroes) and (yy)yy年(m)m月(d)d日 (with or without leading zeroes)

Uyghur languages in Xinjiang usually give date examples in the form 2017-يىل 18-ئاۋغۇست or 2017-8-18 (i.e. yyyy-d-mmm) but this form is never used when writing in Chinese; casually many people use (yy)yy/(m)m/(d)d or (yy)yy.(m)m.(d)d (with or without leading zeroes). See Dates in Chinese.

GB/T 7408-2005
 Christmas Island Yes Yes No
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Yes Yes No
Colombia Colombia No Yes No
 Comoros No Yes No
Congo
(East and West)
No Yes No
 Cook Islands No Yes No
 Costa Rica No Yes No
 Croatia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. mmmm yyyy.) See Date and time notation in Croatia for details on cases used.
 Cuba Yes Yes No
 Curaçao No Yes No
Cyprus Cyprus No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy
Czech Republic Czech Republic Yes Yes No (d. m. yyyy or d. month yyyy) ČSN ISO 8601
Denmark Denmark Yes Yes No Examples: Long date: 7. juni 1994. Long date with weekday: onsdag(,) den 21. december 1994. Numeric date: 1994-06-07

(The format dd.mm.(yy)yy is the traditional Danish date format. The international format yyyy-mm-dd or yyyymmdd is also accepted, though this format is not commonly used. The formats d. 'month name' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.)

DS/ISO 8601:2005
 Djibouti Yes Yes No Short format: dd/mm/yyyy (Day first, month number and year in left-to-right writing direction) in Afar, French and Somali ("d/m/yy" is a common alternative). Gregorian dates follow the same rules but tend to be written in the yyyy/m/d format (Day first, month number, and year in right-to-left writing direction) in Arabic language.

Long format: d mmmm yyyy or mmmm dd, yyyy (Day first, full month name, and year or first full month name, day, and year, in left-to-right writing direction) in Afar, French and Somali and yyyy ،mmmm d (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction) in Arabic

 Dominica No Yes No
 Dominican Republic No Yes No
 East Timor No Yes No
 Ecuador No Yes No
 Egypt No Yes No
 El Salvador No Yes No
 Equatorial Guinea No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy or d mmmm yyyy) for French and Spanish
 Eritrea Yes Yes Sometimes Short format: dd/mm/yyyy for Afar, Bilen, English, Saho, Tigre and Tigrinya. Gregorian dates follow the same rules but tend to be written in the yyyy/m/d (Day first, month number and year in right-to-left writing direction) format in Arabic language.

Long format: D MMMM YYYY (Day first, full month name, and year in left-to-right writing direction) for Bilen, English, Tigre and Tigrinya, YYYY ،MMMM D (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction) for Arabic and MMMM DD, YYYY (First full month name, day and year in left-to-right writing direction) for Afar and Saho

 Estonia Sometimes Yes No dd.mm.yyyy, d.m.(yy)yy or d. mmmm yyyy (mmmm may be substituted by Roman numerals). In more formal, international contexts yyyy-mm-dd is the preferred allowed format.
 Eswatini Yes Yes No YMD (in Swati), DMY (in English)
Ethiopia Ethiopia No Yes Sometimes (dd/mm/yyyy or dd mmmm yyyy) for Amharic, Tigrinya and Wolaytta

(dd/mm/yyyy or mmmm dd, yyyy) for Afar, Oromo and Somali

 Falkland Islands No Yes No
 Faroe Islands No Yes No
 Federated States of Micronesia No No Yes
Finland Finland No Yes Sometimes Finnish: d.m.yyyy or in long format d. mmmm yyyy
Inari Sami: mmmm d. p. yyyy
Northern Sami: mmmm d. b. yyyy
Skolt Sami: mmmm d. p. yyyy
Swedish: d mmmm yyyy
(Note: Month and year can be shortened)
 Fiji No Yes No
France France Yes Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) for Alsatian, Catalan, Corsican, French and Occitan

(yyyy-mm-dd) for Breton, Basque and Interlingua

NF Z69-200
 French Guiana No Yes No
 French Polynesia No Yes No
 Gabon No Yes No
 The Gambia No Yes No
 Georgia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy) (In Georgian calendar dates, century digits may be omitted, e.g., dd-mm-yy.)
 Germany Yes Yes No The format dd.mm.yyyy using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) is the traditional German date format. Since 1996-05-01, the international format yyyy-mm-dd has become the official standard date format, but the handwritten form d. mmmm yyyy is also accepted (see DIN 5008). Standardisation applies to all applications in the scope of the standard including uses in government, education, engineering and sciences. Since 2006, the old format (d)d.(m)m.(yy)yy is allowed again as alternative to the yyyy-mm-dd format in areas where there is no risk of ambiguation. See Date and time notation in Europe. DIN ISO 8601:2006-09, used in DIN 5008:2011-04
 Ghana Yes Yes Yes (yyyy/mm/dd) for Akan

(dd/mm/yyyy)

(m/d/yyyy) for Ewe

 Gibraltar No Yes No
Greece Greece No Yes No ELOT EN 28601
 Greenland No Yes Yes Danish: d. mmmm yyyy
Greenlandic: mmmm d.-at, yyyy
 Grenada No Yes No
 Guadeloupe No Yes No
 Guam No No Yes
 Guatemala No Yes No Short format: dd/mm/yyyy

Long format: d de mmmm de yyyy or dddd, d de mmmm de yyyy

 Guernsey No Yes No
 Guinea Yes Yes Sometimes Short format: dd/mm/yyyy (Day first, month and year in left-to-right writing direction) in French and Fulah. Gregorian dates follow the same rules but tend to be written in yyyy/mm/dd (Day first, month number, and year in right-to-left writing direction) format in N'ko language.

Long format: D MMMM YYYY (Day first, month and year in left-to-right writing direction) for French and Fulah and YYYY, DD MMMM (First full month name, day, and year in right-to-left writing direction) for N'ko

 Guinea-Bissau No Yes No
 Guyana No Yes No
 Haiti No Yes No
 Hong Kong Yes Yes Rarely (yy)yy年(m)m月(d)d日 (if without leading zeros) for Chinese and in British English, (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy in short format. d mmmm yyyy (Casually many people use with commas: d mmmm, yyyy) in long format.

Both expanded forms dd-mmmm-yyyy and mmmm-dd-yyyy are used interchangeably in Hong Kong, except the latter was more frequently used in media publications and commercial purpose, such as The Standard.

 Honduras No Yes No
Hungary Hungary Yes Sometimes No yyyy. mm. (d)d.

The year is written in Arabic numerals. The name of the month can be written out in full or abbreviated, or it can be indicated by Roman numerals or Arabic numerals. The day is written in Arabic numerals.

MSZ ISO 8601:2003
 Iceland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy) IST EN 28601:1992
India India Yes Yes Sometimes In India, the dd-mm-yyyy is the predominant short form of the numeric date usage. Almost all government documents need to be filled up in the dd-mm-yyyy format. An example of dd-mm-yyyy usage is the passport application form. Though not yet a common practice, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) of the Government of India introduced the standard named "IS 7900:2001 (Revised in 2006) Data Elements And Interchange Formats – Information Interchange – Representation Of Dates And Times" which officially recommends use of the date format yyyy-mm-dd; for example, 2013-09-10, 20130910, or 2013 09 10 for the date 10 September 2013. Dates in the Bodo language are in mm/dd/yyyy.

The majority of English-language newspapers and media publications in India use mmmm dd, yyyy.

IS 7900:2001
 Indonesia No Yes Rarely On English-written materials, Indonesians tend to use the M-D-Y but was more widely used in non-governmental contexts.
English-language governmental and academic documents use DMY.
Iran Iran Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy/mm/dd in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative). Gregorian dates follow the same rules in Persian literature but tend to be written in the dd/mm/yyyy format in official English documents.

Long format: YYYY MMMM D (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction)

 Iraq No Yes No Short format: (dd/mm/yyyy)
Republic of Ireland Ireland No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy). dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use IS/EN 28601:1993
 Isle of Man No Yes No
 Israel No Yes No The format dd.mm.yyyy using dots is the common format. dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use. The Jewish calendar is in limited use, mainly for Jewish holidays, and follows the DMY format.
Italy Italy No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) UNI EN 28601
 Ivory Coast No Yes No
 Jamaica Yes Yes No
 Jan Mayen No Yes No
Japan Japan Yes No No Often in the form yyyy年mm月dd日; sometimes Japanese era year is used, e.g. 平成18年12月30日. JIS X 0301:2002
 Jersey No Yes No
 Jordan No Yes No
 Kazakhstan Sometimes Yes No Short format: (yyyy.dd.mm) in Kazakh and (dd.mm.(yy)yy) in Russian Long format: yyyy 'ж'. d mmmm in Kazakh; d MMMM yyyy in Russian

Full format in Kazakh: yyyy 'ж'. dd mmmm

 Kenya Yes Yes Yes (yy/mm/dd)

(dd/mm/yyyy)

(m/d/yyyy) for Swahili

 Kiribati No Yes No
 North Korea Yes No No
South Korea South Korea Yes No No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd (with leading zeroes) and (yy)yy년 (m)m월 (d)d일 (with or without leading zeroes)

casually many people use (yy)yy.(m)m.(d)d(.) (with or without leading zeroes, with or without the last full stop).

KS X ISO 8601
 Kosovo No Yes No
 Kuwait No Yes No
 Kyrgyzstan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Laos No Yes No
 Latvia No Yes No Short format: dd.mm.yyyy.

Long format: yyyy. gada d. mmmm

 Lebanon No Yes No
 Lesotho Yes Yes No yyyy-mm-dd for Sesotho and dd/mm/yyyy for English
 Liberia No Yes No
 Libya No Yes No
 Liechtenstein No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Lithuania Yes Sometimes No (yyyy-mm-dd)

yyyy <m.> <month in genitive> d <d.>

LST ISO 8601:1997 (obsolete)
LST ISO 8601:2006 (current)
 Luxembourg No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy) ITM-EN 28601
 Macau Yes Yes No YMD(年月日)

(same as Hong Kong)

DMY (in Portuguese and British English)

 Madagascar No Yes No
 Malawi No Yes No
 Malaysia No Yes No dd-mm-yyyy
 Maldives Yes Yes No Short format: yy/mm/dd (Day first, month next and year last in right-to-left writing direction)

Long format: dd mmmm yyyy (Year first, full month name and day last in right-to-left writing direction)

 Mali No Yes No
 Malta No Yes No
 Marshall Islands No No Yes
 Martinique No Yes No
 Mauritania No Yes No
 Mauritius No Yes No
 Mayotte No Yes No
 Mexico No Yes No NOM-008-SCFI-2002
 Moldova No Yes No
 Monaco No Yes No
Mongolia Mongolia Yes No No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd (with leading zeroes) and yyyy оны (m)m сарын (d)d (with or without leading zeroes)

Traditional Mongolian languages in Mongolia usually give date examples in the form 2017ᠣᠨ ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ 2ᠡᠳᠦᠷ but this form is never used when writing in Mongolian Cyrillic; casually many people use yyyy/(m)m/(d)d or yyyy.(m)m.(d)d (with or without leading zeroes).

MNS-ISO 8601
 Montenegro No Yes No Both d.m.yyyy. and dd.mm.yyyy. are accepted. A period is used as a separator and after the year because the Montenegrin language writes these numbers as ordinal numbers that are written as the corresponding cardinal number, with a period at the end.
 Montserrat No Yes No
 Morocco No Yes No
 Mozambique No Yes No
 Myanmar Yes Yes No YMD for Burmese calendar. DMY for Gregorian calendar.
 Namibia Yes Yes No DMY
 Nauru No Yes No
Nepal Nepal Yes Yes Sometimes DMY, YMD in official Nepali Vikram Samvat calendar (also see Nepal Sambat which is also in use); MDY in Gregorian dates are used for newspapers (English language) and PCs
Netherlands Netherlands No Yes No Using hyphens as in "dd-mm-yyyy". NEN ISO 8601, NEN EN 28601, NEN 2772
 New Caledonia No Yes No
 New Zealand No Yes No AS/NZS ISO 8601.1:2021
 Nicaragua No Yes No
 Niger No Yes No
 Nigeria No Yes Sometimes Short format: (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy for Edo, English, Fulani, Hausa, Ibibio, Igbo, Kanuri and Yoruba language
Long format: d mmmm yyyy for English, Hausa and Igbo and mmmm dd, yyyy for Edo, Fulani, Ibibio, Kanuri and Yoruba language
 Niue No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy
 Norfolk Island No Yes No
 North Macedonia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Northern Mariana Islands No No Yes
Norway Norway Yes Yes Rarely dd.mm.yyyy; leading zeroes and century digits may be omitted, e.g., 10.02.16; ddmmyy (six figures, no century digits, no delimiters) allowed in tables. ISO dates yyyy-mm-dd can be used for "technical" purposes. The fraction form d/m-y is incorrect, but is common and considered passable in handwriting. Lule Sami and Southern Sami dates mmmm d. b. yyyy. NS-ISO 8601
 Oman No Yes No
Pakistan Pakistan No Yes No
 Palestine (Palestinian Authority, West Bank and Gaza Strip) No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)
 Palau No Yes Rarely Formerly including: (m)m/(d)d/(yy)yy in English and (yy)yy/m(m)/(d)d in Japanese
 Panama No Yes Yes Short format: mm/dd/yyyy
Long format: d de mmmm de yyyy
 Papua New Guinea No Yes No
 Paraguay No Yes No
 Peru No Yes No
Philippines Philippines No Yes Yes Long formats:
English: mmmm d, yyyy
DMY dates are also used occasionally, primarily by, but not limited to, government institutions such as on the data page of passports, and immigration and customs forms.
Filipino: ika-d ng mmmm(,) yyyy or a-d ng mmmm(,) yyyy
(Note: Month and year can be shortened. Filipino dates may also be written in mmmm d, yyyy format in civil use but still pronounced as above.)

Short/numerical format: mm/dd/yyyy for both languages.
 Pitcairn Islands No Yes No
Poland Poland Sometimes Yes No Traditional format (DMY): (dd.mm.yyyy, often with dots as separators; more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy, or, less frequently, d <month in Roman numerals> yyyy)

Official format (YMD): The ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format is used in official documents, banks, computer systems and the internet in Poland.

PN-90/N-01204
 Portugal Yes Yes No Mostly (dd/mm/yyyy) and (dd-mm-yyyy); some newer documents use (yyyy-mm-dd). NP EN 28601
 Puerto Rico No Yes Yes English: mmmm d, yyyy
Spanish: d de mmmm de yyyy
 Qatar No Yes No
 Réunion No Yes No
 Romania No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy) Also widely used: (d)d-mmm-yyyy (3 letters of month name with the notable exception of Nov for November, which would otherwise be noiembrie) and (d)d-XII-yyyy (month number as a Roman numeral with lines above AND below, slowly deprecating)
Russia Russia Yes Yes No

yyyy-mm-dd
dd.mm.yyyy

(dd.mm.(yy)yy); more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy г. (= g., short for goda, i.e. year in genitive) Bashkir, Ossetian, Sakha and Tatar languages in Russia usually give date examples in the form 22 май 2017 й, 22 майы, 2017 аз, ыам ыйын 22 күнэ 2017 с., 22 май 2017 ел but this form is never used when writing in Russian.

GOST R 7.0.64-2018
GOST R 7.0.97-2016
 Rwanda Yes Yes No (yyyy/mm/dd or yyyy mmmm dd) for Kinyarwanda

(dd/mm/yyyy or d mmmm yyyy) for English and French

 Saba No Yes No
 Saint Barthélemy No Yes No
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha No Yes No
 Saint Kitts and Nevis No Yes No
 Saint Lucia No Yes No
 Saint Martin No Yes No
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon No Yes No
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Yes No
 Samoa No Yes No
 San Marino No Yes No
 São Tomé and Príncipe No Yes No
 Saudi Arabia No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy in Islamic and Gregorian calendar systems,
 Senegal No Yes No
Serbia Serbia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy. or d. mmmm yyyy.)
 Seychelles No Yes No
 Sierra Leone No Yes No
 Singapore Yes Yes Sometimes (Chinese representation: yyyy年m月d日, no leading zeroes)

DMY in English, Malay and Tamil languages

MDY (in long format) also sometimes used, especially in media publications, commercial usage, and some governmental websites.

 Sint Eustatius No Yes No
 Sint Maarten No Yes No
 Slovakia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy)
 Slovenia No Yes No

(d. m. yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)

 Solomon Islands No Yes No
 Somalia No Yes No Short format: dd/mm/yyyy
South Africa South Africa Yes Yes Sometimes (yyyy/mm/dd and dd mmmm yyyy) in English
(yyyy-mm-dd and dd mmmm yyyy) in Afrikaans
(yyyy-mm-dd and yyyy mmmm d) in Xhosa
MDY in Zulu
SANS 8601:2009
Spain Spain Yes Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) for Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Spanish and Valencian

(yyyy/mm/dd) for Basque

UNE EN 28601
 Sri Lanka Yes Yes Rarely (yyyy-mm-dd) for Sinhala and (d-m-yyyy) for Tamil

English-language media and commercial publications use Month-day-year in long format, but only Day-month-year format (both long and short numeric) are used in governmental and other English documents of official contexts.

 Sudan No Yes No
 South Sudan No Yes No
 Suriname No Yes No
 Svalbard No Yes No
Sweden Sweden Yes Sometimes No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd. dd.mm.yyyy format is used in some places where it is required by EU regulations, for example for best-before dates on food and on driver's licenses. d/m format is used casually, when the year is obvious from the context, and for date ranges, e.g. 28-31/8 for 28–31 August.

The textual format is "d mmmm yyyy" or "den d mmmm yyyy".

SS-ISO 8601
  Switzerland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy) for French, German, Italian and Romansh SN ISO 8601:2005-08
 Syria No Yes No
 Taiwan Yes No No Short format: yyyy/(m)m/(d)d or yyyy-mm-dd

Long format: yyyy年m月d日, in most context year is represented using ROC era system: 民國95年12月30日.

CNS 7648
 Tajikistan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
 Tanzania No Yes No
Thailand Thailand No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy (in governmental sector with Buddhist Era years instead of Common Era) TIS 1111:2535 in 1992
 Togo No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy) in French and (mm/dd/(yy)yy) in Ewe
 Tokelau No Yes No
 Tonga No Yes No
 Trinidad and Tobago No Yes No
 Tunisia No Yes No
Turkey Turkey No Yes No Short format: dd.mm.yyyy Long format: d mmmm yyyy

Full format: d mmmm yyyy dddd

 Turkmenistan No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy ý.), yyyy-nji ýylyň d-nji mmmm
 Turks and Caicos Islands No Yes No
 Tuvalu No Yes No
 Uganda No Yes No
 Ukraine No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy; some cases of dd/mm/yyyy)
 United Arab Emirates No Yes No
United Kingdom United Kingdom Yes Yes No Most style guides follow the DMY convention by recommending d mmmm yyyy (sometimes written dd/mm/yyyy) format in articles (e.g. The Guardian's, and the Oxford Style Manual).

Some newspapers use dddd mmmm d, yyyy for both the banner and articles, while others stick to DMY for both.

In addition, YMD with four-digit year is used increasingly especially in applications associated with computers, and as per British standard BS ISO 8601:2004, avoiding the ambiguity of the numerical versions of the DMY/MDY formats.

BS ISO 8601:2004
 United States Minor Outlying Islands No No Yes Same as the US
United States United States Yes Rarely Yes (Civilian vernacular: m/d/yy or m/d/yyyy; other formats, especially d mmm(m) yyyy (but no short DMY formats) and yyyy-mm-dd (but rarely any other short YMD formats and rarely any long YMD formats), are sometimes prescribed or used—particularly in military, academic, scientific, computing, industrial, or governmental contexts. See Date and time notation in the United States.) ANSI INCITS 30-1997 (R2008) and NIST FIPS PUB 4-2
 United States Virgin Islands No No Yes
 Uruguay No Yes No
 Uzbekistan Yes Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy Cyrillic, dd/mm yyyy Latin)
 Vanuatu No Yes No
 Vatican City Rarely Yes No (dd m yyyy), with p.C.n. following (post Christum natum) if CE, and a.C.n. (ante Christum natum) if BCE. Likely from similar phrases used in ecclesiastical latin.
 Venezuela No Yes No
Vietnam Vietnam Yes Yes Sometimes Long format: "Ngày (d)d tháng (m)m năm yyyy" (leading zeros required by Circular No. 01/2011/TT-BNV by the Ministry of Home Affairs) or ngày (d)d tháng (month in textform) năm yyyy.

Short format (interchangeably): (d)d/(m)m/yyyy or (d)d-(m)m-yyyy; (d)d.(m)m.yyyy is also in use.

In English documents:

  • Short format: yyyy-mm-dd
  • Long format: mmmm d, yyyy

In historical documents: era names năm thứ _ tháng m (or in textform) ngày(mồng) d (or in textform).

 Wallis and Futuna No Yes No
 Yemen No Yes No
 Zambia No Yes No
 Zimbabwe No Yes No

See also

References

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External links