ICC Men's T20 World Cup

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ICC Men's T20 World Cup
ICC Men's T20 World Cup Trophy
AdministratorInternational Cricket Council (ICC)
FormatTwenty20 International
First edition2007  South Africa
(as ICC World Twenty20)
Latest edition2024  West Indies
 United States
Next edition2026  India
 Sri Lanka
Tournament format↓Various
Number of teams20
Current champion India (2nd title)
Most successful India
 England
 West Indies
(2 titles each)
Most runsIndia Virat Kohli (1,292)
Most wicketsBangladesh Shakib Al Hasan (50)
Websitet20worldcup.com

The ICC Men's T20 World Cup (formerly the ICC World Twenty20) is the Twenty20 International cricket tournament, organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 2007.

The event has generally been held every two years. In May 2016, the ICC put forward the idea of having a tournament in 2018, with South Africa being the possible host, but the ICC later dropped the idea of a 2018 edition as the top member nations busied with bilateral commitments in 2018. The 2020 edition of the tournament was scheduled to take place but due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the tournament was postponed until 2021, with the intended host changed to India. The 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup was later relocated to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Oman due to problems relating to the COVID-19 pandemic in India, taking place 5 years after the previous (2016) iteration.

As of 2024, nine editions have so far been played and a total of 24 teams have competed. Only the West Indies, England and India have won the tournament more than once, all three nations having won two titles. The inaugural 2007 World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa and won by India, who defeated Pakistan in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The 2009 tournament took place in England, and was won by the previous runner-up, Pakistan, who defeated Sri Lanka in the final at Lord's. The third tournament was held in 2010, hosted by the countries making up the West Indies cricket team. England cricket team defeated Australia in the final in Barbados, which was played at Kensington Oval, winning their first international tournament. The fourth tournament, the 2012 World Twenty20, was held in Asia for the first time, with all matches played in Sri Lanka. The West Indies won the tournament by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, winning its first international tournament since the 2004 Champions Trophy. The fifth tournament, the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, was hosted by Bangladesh, and was won by Sri Lanka defeating India, Sri Lanka being the first team to play in three finals. The sixth tournament, the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, was hosted by India and was won by West Indies defeating England. The seventh tournament, the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup, was hosted by UAE and was won by Australia defeating New Zealand. England beat Pakistan in the 2022 final, winning their second title, which was held in Australia. They became the first men's team to hold both limited-overs World Cups (T20 and ODI) simultaneously.

In the 2024 final, held in the West Indies and the United States, India won its second title against South Africa, equaling England and West Indies with the most titles in T20 World Cup. India became the first country to win the tournament without losing any game.

History

Winners
T20 World Cups
Year Champions
2007  India
2009  Pakistan
2010  England
2012  West Indies
2014  Sri Lanka
2016  West Indies (2)
2021  Australia
2022  England (2)
2024  India (2)

Background

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB sought another one-day competition to fill with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. The Board wanted to deliver fast-paced, exciting cricket accessible to fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20-over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001, and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format.

Domestic tournaments Bangladesh v South Africa at the 2007 tournament

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the T20 Blast. The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title. The first Twenty20 match held at Lord's, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex and Surrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the largest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground - other than a one-day final - since 1983.

Soon after with the adoption of Twenty20 matches by other cricket boards, the popularity of the format grew with unexpected crowd attendance, new domestic tournaments such as Pakistan's National T20 Cup and Stanford 20/20 tournament, and the financial incentive in the format.

The West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. Allen Stanford backed the event financially, giving at least US$28,000,000 in funding money before he was convicted of fraud for a massive Ponzi scheme. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets and securing US$1,000,000 in prize money. A spin-off tournament, the Stanford Super Series, took place in October 2008 between Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, the respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, and a 2008 Stanford Super Series team formed from West Indies domestic players; Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money. On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming a US$20,000,000 in each match.

Twenty20 Internationals

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair-styles popular in the 1980s, taking part in a competition amongst themselves for "best retro look", at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock Penalty card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

Inaugural edition

Lasith Malinga bowling to Shahid Afridi in the 2009 final at Lord's

It was first decided that an ICC World Twenty20 would take place every two years, except in the event of a Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Kenya and Scotland had to qualify via the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One which was a 50-over competition that took place in Nairobi. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money. The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country.

Expansion to 16 teams

Autographed bats of teams that participated in the 2016 T20 World Cup at Blades of Glory Museum, Pune, India.

The 2012 edition was to be expanded into a 16 team format however this was reverted to 12. The 2014 tournament, held in Bangladesh was the first to feature 16 teams including all ten full members and six associate members who qualified through the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. However the top eight full member teams in the ICC Men's T20I Team rankings on 8 October 2012 were given a place in the Super 10 stage. The remaining eight teams competed in the group stage, from which two teams advance to the Super 10 stage. Three new teams (Nepal, Hong Kong and the UAE) made their debut in this tournament.

As part of a goal to heighten the profile of the World Twenty20 tournaments, the ICC announced in 2018 that they would be rebranded as the "T20 World Cup" beginning in 2020—when Australia was to host both the men's and women's tournaments in the same year.

COVID-19

In July 2020, the ICC announced that the 2020 tournament had been postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. With Australian international travel restrictions not expected to be lifted until 2021, the ICC chose to relocate the tournament to India, and award Australia the 2022 edition as compensation. Due to concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic in India, the tournament was played at venues in the United Arab Emirates and Oman instead, although India (via BCCI) still remained the formal host.

Expansion to 20 teams

In June 2021, the ICC announced that the Men's T20 World Cup would expand to 20 teams beginning in 2024, divided into four groups of five each for the group stage. The top two teams in each pool would advance to the Super 8 stage.

The 2024 T20 World Cup was hosted by the West Indies and the United States. It was the first time the U.S. has hosted an ICC World Cup; the three U.S. venues included one existing stadium (Central Broward Park), a stadium that had been repurposed for cricket in 2023 (Grand Prairie Stadium), and the temporary Nassau County International Cricket Stadium. India won their second T20 World Cup title by defeating South Africa by 7 runs in the final in Barbados.

The 2026 tournament will be co-hosted by India and Sri Lanka, with the 2028 edition in Australia and New Zealand, as well as the 2030 tournament in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland following.

Format

Hosts

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, the tournament was hosted by England, the West Indies and Sri Lanka in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. Bangladesh hosted the tournament in 2014. India hosted the tournament in 2016. After a gap of five years, India won the hosting rights of 2021 edition as well, but due to COVID-19 pandemic the matches were played in Oman and the United Arab Emirates. The 2022 edition was hosted by Australia, who won the tournament in the previous year.

In December 2015, Tim Anderson, the ICC's head of global development, suggested that a future tournament be hosted by the United States. He believed that hosting the event could help spur growth of the game in the country, where it is relatively obscure and faces competition by other sports such as baseball. In 2020, the United States and West Indies expressed interest in co-hosting a T20 World Cup after 2023, with Malaysia being another possible contender. In November 2021, the ICC confirmed the hosts for the next four Men's T20 World Cup tournaments from 2024 to 2030. The United States and West Indies would co-host the 2024 edition, India and Sri Lanka to co-host the 2026 edition, Australia and New Zealand to co-host the 2028 edition and the 2030 edition is to be co-hosted by United Kingdom and Ireland.

Qualification

All ICC full members qualify automatically for the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament, known as the T20 World Cup Qualifier. Qualification for the inaugural 2007 World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for ICC associate and affiliate members. The two finalists of the 2007 WCL Division One tournament, Kenya and Scotland, qualified for the World Twenty20 later in the year. A separate qualification tournament was implemented for the 2009 World Twenty20, and has been retained since then. The number of teams qualifying through the World Twenty20 Qualifier has varied, however, ranging from two (in 2010 and 2012) to six (in 2014 and 2016).

Final tournament

In each group stage (both the preliminary round, the Super 12 round and Super 8 round), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, higher number of wins
  3. If still equal, higher net run rate
  4. If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
  5. If still equal, result of head-to-head meeting.

In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over would decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, subsequent super overs would be played until there is a winner. Earlier, the match would be won by the team that had scored the most boundaries in their innings. During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches.

Trophy

The ICC Men's T20 World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the final. It was designed and manufactured by Links of London, and is made of silver and rhodium. It weighs approximately 7.5 kg (17 lb) and stands 51 cm (20 in) tall, with a width of 19 cm (7.5 in) at the top and 14 cm (5.5 in) at the base.

Results

Ed. Year Host(s) Final venue Final Teams Winning Captain
Winner Result Runner-up
1 2007  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg  India
157/5 (20 overs)
India won by 5 runs
(scorecard)
 Pakistan
152 all out (19.4 overs)
12 MS Dhoni
2 2009  England Lord's, London  Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
Pakistan won by 8 wickets
(scorecard)
 Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
12 Younis Khan
3 2010  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown  England
148/3 (17 overs)
England won by 7 wickets
(scorecard)
 Australia
147/6 (20 overs)
12 Paul Collingwood
4 2012  Sri Lanka R Premadasa Stadium, Colombo  West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
West Indies won by 36 runs
(scorecard)
 Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
12 Daren Sammy
5 2014  Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Stadium, Dhaka  Sri Lanka
134/4 (17.5 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 6 wickets
(scorecard)
 India
130/4 (20 overs)
16 Lasith Malinga
6 2016  India Eden Gardens, Kolkata  West Indies
161/6 (19.4 overs)
West Indies won by 4 wickets
(scorecard)
 England
155/9 (20 overs)
16 Daren Sammy
7 2021 Dubai International Stadium, Dubai  Australia
173/2 (18.5 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
(scorecard)
 New Zealand
172/4 (20 overs)
16 Aaron Finch
8 2022  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne  England
138/5 (19 overs)
England won by 5 wickets
(scorecard)
 Pakistan
137/8 (20 overs)
16 Jos Buttler
9 2024 Kensington Oval, Bridgetown  India
176/7 (20 overs)
India won by 7 runs
(scorecard)
 South Africa
169/8 (20 overs)
20 Rohit Sharma
10 2026 20
11 2028 20
12 2030  England
 Ireland
 Scotland
20

Team performance

Correct as of 2024 ICC Men's T20 World Cup. Teams are ordered by best result then by appearances, then by winning percentage, then by total number of wins, total number of number of games, and then alphabetically:

Team Appearances Best result Statistics
Total First Latest Played Won Lost Tie NR Win %
 India 9 2007 2024 Champions (2007, 2024) 52 35 15 1(1) 1 69.60
 England 9 2007 2024 Champions (2010, 2022) 52 28 22 0 2 56.00
 West Indies 9 2007 2024 Champions (2012, 2016) 46 24 20 1(1) 1 54.44
 Australia 9 2007 2024 Champions (2021) 47 30 17 0 0 63.82
 Pakistan 9 2007 2024 Champions (2009) 51 30 19 2(0) 0 60.78
 Sri Lanka 9 2007 2024 Champions (2014) 54 32 21 1(1) 0 60.18
 South Africa 9 2007 2024 Runners-up (2024) 49 32 16 0 1 66.66
 New Zealand 9 2007 2024 Runners-up (2021) 46 25 19 2(0) 0 56.52
 Afghanistan 7 2010 2024 Semi-finals (2024) 30 12 18 0 0 40.00
 Bangladesh 9 2007 2024 Super 8s (2007, 2024) 45 12 32 0 1 27.27
 Ireland 8 2009 2024 Super 8s (2009) 28 7 18 0 3 28.00
 United States 1 2024 2024 Super 8s (2024) 6 1 4 1(1) 0 25.00
 Netherlands 6 2009 2024 Super 10s (2014) 27 10 16 0 1 38.46
 Zimbabwe 6 2007 2022 Super 12s (2022) 20 8 11 0 1 42.10
 Scotland 6 2007 2024 Super 12s (2021) 22 7 13 0 2 35.00
 Namibia 3 2021 2024 Super 12s (2021) 15 4 10 1(1) 0 30.00
 Oman 3 2016 2024 First round (2016, 2021, 2024) 10 2 6 1(0) 1 27.77
   Nepal 2 2014 2024 First round (2014, 2024) 6 2 4 0 0 33.33
 Hong Kong 2 2014 2016 First round (2014, 2016) 6 1 5 0 0 16.66
 United Arab Emirates 2 2014 2022 First round (2014, 2022) 6 1 5 0 0 16.66
 Papua New Guinea 2 2021 2024 First round (2021, 2024) 7 0 7 0 0 0.00
 Canada 1 2024 2024 First round (2024) 3 1 2 0 0 33.33
 Uganda 1 2024 2024 First round (2024) 4 1 3 0 0 25.00
 Kenya 1 2007 2007 First round (2007) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
As of 29 June 2024
Source:ESPNcricinfo

Note:

Team results by tournament

Legend
Host
Team
South Africa
2007
(12)
England
2009
(12)
Cricket West Indies
2010
(12)
Sri Lanka
2012
(12)
Bangladesh
2014
(16)
India
2016
(16)
United Arab Emirates
Oman
2021
(16)
Australia
2022
(16)
Cricket West Indies
United States
2024
(20)
India
Sri Lanka
2026
(20)
Australia
New Zealand
2028
(20)
England
Scotland
Republic of Ireland
2030
(20)
Apps.
 Afghanistan R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 R2 SF Q 7
 Australia SF R1 RU SF R2 R2 W R2 R2 Q Q 9
 Bangladesh R2 R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 Q 9
 Canada R1 1
 England R2 R2 W R2 R2 RU SF W SF Q Q 9
 Hong Kong R1 R1 2
 India W R2 R2 R2 RU SF R2 SF W Q 9
 Ireland R2 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 R1 Q Q 8
 Kenya R1 1
 Namibia R2 R1 R1 3
   Nepal R1 R1 2
 Netherlands R1 R2 R1 R1 R2 R1 6
 New Zealand SF R2 R2 R2 R2 SF RU SF R1 Q Q 9
 Oman R1 R1 R1 3
 Pakistan RU W SF SF R2 R2 SF RU R1 Q 9
 Papua New Guinea R1 R1 2
 Scotland R1 R1 R1 R2 R1 R1 Q 6
 South Africa R2 SF R2 R2 SF R2 R2 R2 RU Q 9
 Sri Lanka R2 RU SF RU W R2 R2 R2 R1 Q 9
 United Arab Emirates R1 R1 2
 Uganda R1 1
 United States R2 Q 1
 West Indies R1 SF R2 W SF W R2 R1 R2 Q 9
 Zimbabwe R1 × R1 R1 R1 R1 ×× R2 6

Debutant teams by tournament

Year Teams Total
2007  Australia,  Bangladesh,  England,  India,  Kenya,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Scotland,  Sri Lanka,  South Africa,  West Indies,  Zimbabwe 12
2009  Ireland,  Netherlands 2
2010  Afghanistan 1
2012 none 0
2014  Hong Kong,  United Arab Emirates,    Nepal 3
2016  Oman 1
2021  Namibia,  Papua New Guinea 2
2022 none 0
2024  Canada,  Uganda,  United States 3
Total 24


Other results

Tournament records

As of 29 June 2024
T20 World Cup records
Batting
Most runs India Virat Kohli 1,292 (2012-2024)
Highest average (min. 20 inns.) 58.72 (20122024)
Highest score New Zealand Brendon McCullum v  Bangladesh 123 (2012)
Highest strike rate (min. 500 balls) England Jos Buttler 147.23 (20122024)
Most fifty+ India Virat Kohli 15 (20122024)
Most hundreds Cricket West Indies Chris Gayle 2 (20072021)
Most sixes 63 (20072021)
Highest partnership England Jos Buttler & Alex Hales v  India 170* (2022)
Most runs in a tournament India Virat Kohli 319 (2014)
Bowling
Most wickets Bangladesh Shakib Al Hasan 50 (20072024)
Best bowling average (min. 400 balls bowled) South Africa Anrich Nortje 11.40 (20212024)
Best strike rate (min. 400 balls bowled) Sri Lanka Wanindu Hasaranga 11.72 (20222024)
Best economy rate (min. 400 balls bowled) India Jasprit Bumrah 5.44 (20162024)
Best bowling figures Sri Lanka Ajantha Mendis v  Zimbabwe 6/8 (2012)
Most wickets in a tournament Afghanistan Fazalhaq Farooqi and India Arshdeep Singh 17 (2024)
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) India MS Dhoni 32 (20072016)
Most catches (fielder) South Africa AB De Villiers 23 (20072016)
Team
Highest team total  Sri Lanka (v  Kenya) 260/6 (2007)
Lowest team total  Netherlands (v  Sri Lanka) 39 (2014)
 Uganda (v  West Indies) 39 (2024)
Highest win % (min. 10 matches played)  India 69.60% (played 52, won 35, lost 15) (20072024)
Largest victory (by runs)  Sri Lanka (v  Kenya) 172 (2007)
Highest match aggregate  England v  South Africa 459/12 (2016)
Lowest match aggregate  Netherlands v  Sri Lanka 79/11 (2014)
Most consecutive wins  India &  South Africa 8 - both in 2024

By tournament

Year Winning Captain Player of the final Player of the tournament Most runs Most wickets
2007 India MS Dhoni India Irfan Pathan Pakistan Shahid Afridi Australia Matthew Hayden (265) Pakistan Umar Gul (13)
2009 Pakistan Younus Khan Pakistan Shahid Afridi Sri Lanka Tillakaratne Dilshan Sri Lanka Tillakaratne Dilshan (317) Pakistan Umar Gul (13)
2010 England Paul Collingwood England Craig Kieswetter England Kevin Pietersen Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene (302) Australia Dirk Nannes (14)
2012 Cricket West Indies Darren Sammy Cricket West Indies Marlon Samuels Australia Shane Watson Australia Shane Watson (249) Sri Lanka Ajantha Mendis (15)
2014 Sri Lanka Lasith Malinga Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara India Virat Kohli India Virat Kohli (319) South Africa Imran Tahir /
Netherlands Ahsan Malik (12)
2016 Cricket West Indies Darren Sammy Cricket West Indies Marlon Samuels Bangladesh Tamim Iqbal (295) Afghanistan Mohammad Nabi (12)
2021 Australia Aaron Finch Australia Mitchell Marsh Australia David Warner Pakistan Babar Azam (303) Sri Lanka Wanindu Hasaranga (16)
2022 England Jos Buttler England Sam Curran England Sam Curran India Virat Kohli (296) Sri Lanka Wanindu Hasaranga (15)
2024 India Rohit Sharma India Virat Kohli India Jasprit Bumrah Afghanistan Rahmanullah Gurbaz (281) Afghanistan Fazalhaq Farooqi /
India Arshdeep Singh (17)
2026 To Be Decided
2028
2030

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The hosting rights were owned by India, but matches were played in UAE and Oman.

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External links

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